Neoclassicism and Romanticism


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)




Stained Glass Windows




Edward Coley Burne-Jones

(b Birmingham, 28 Aug 1833; d London, 17 June 1898).

English painter and decorative artist. He was the leading figure in the second phase of the Pre-Raphaelite movement. His paintings of subjects from medieval legend and Classical mythology and his designs for stained glass, tapestry and many other media played an important part in the Aesthetic Movement and the history of international Symbolism.


Ford Madox Brown

born April 16, 1821, Calais, France
died October 6, 1893, London, England

English painter whose work is associated with that of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, although he was never a member.
Brown studied art from 1837 to 1839 in Bruges and Antwerp, Belgium. His early work is characterized by sombre colour and dramatic feeling suited to the Byronic subjects that he painted in Paris during 1840–43, such as Manfred on the Jungfrau (c. 1840) and Parisina's Sleep (1842). Already concerned with the accuratere presentation of natural phenomena, he drew from corpses in University College Hospital in London when painting his Prisoner of Chillon (1843). During a visit to Italy in 1845, he met Peter von Cornelius, a member of the former Lukasbund, or Nazarenes. This meeting undoubtedly influenced both Brown's palette and his style. His interest in brilliant, clear colour and neomedievalism first appears in Wyclif Reading His Translation of the Scriptures to John of Gaunt (1847). In 1848 Brown briefly accepted Dante Gabriel Rossetti as a pupil, and in 1850 Brown contributed to the Pre-Raphaelites' magazine, Germ. Like William Holman Hunt, Brown painted in the open air to obtain naturalistic accuracy.
His most famous picture, Work (1852–63), which can be seen as a Victorian social document, was first exhibited at a retrospective exhibition held in London (1865), for which he wrote the catalog. He also worked as a book illustrator with William Morris; produced stained glass, at, among other sites, St. Oswald's, Durham (1864–65); and between 1879 and 1893 completed a series of 12 murals for the Manchestertown hall, depicting scenes from the city's history.


Dante Gabriel Rossetti

(b London, 12 May 1828; d Birchington on Sea, Kent, 9 April 1882).

Painter, designer and poet.
Despite his Italian parentage, Rossetti never visited Italy. An early disposition for drawing and literature led him to illustrate his sister Maria’s copy of the Iliad in 1840. Three years later his first poem, ‘Sir Hugh the Heron’, was privately printed by his maternal grandfather, Gaetano Polidori.


Arthur Hughes 

(b London, 27 Jan 1832; d Kew Green, London, 22 Dec 1915).

English painter and illustrator. In 1846 he joined the School of Design at Somerset House, London, under Alfred Stevens. The following year he won an art studentship to the Royal Academy Schools, where in 1849 he won the silver medal for antique drawing. In the same year he showed his first painting at the Royal Academy, Musidora (Birmingham, Mus. & A.G.), a conventionally painted nude. In 1850, while still a student, he saw a copy of the periodical The Germ, which converted him to PRE-RAPHAELITISM and led to his meeting William Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Ford Madox Brown, though he never became an official member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Hughes’s first exhibited work in the new style, Ophelia (exh. RA 1852; Manchester, C.A.G.), was admired by Millais, whose own Ophelia (1851–2; London, Tate) was in the same exhibition. They became friends and Hughes sat for Millais’s The Proscribed Royalist (exh. RA 1853; priv. col.). From about 1852 to 1858 Hughes shared a studio with the sculptor Alexander Munro.


William Morris

(b Walthamstow [now in London], 24 March 1834; d London, 3 Oct 1896).

English designer, writer and activist. His importance as both a designer and propagandist for the arts cannot easily be overestimated, and his influence has continued to be felt throughout the 20th century. He was a committed Socialist whose aim was that, as in the Middle Ages, art should be for the people and by the people, a view expressed in several of his writings. After abandoning his training as an architect, he studied painting among members of the Pre-Raphaelites. In 1861 he founded his own firm, Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. (from 1875 Morris & Co.), which produced stained glass, furniture, wallpaper and fabrics. Morris’s interests constantly led him into new activities such as his last enterprise, the Kelmscott Press. In 1950 his home at Walthamstow became the William Morris Gallery. The William Morris Society was founded in 1956, and it publishes a biannual journal and quarterly newsletter.



Stained Glass



The Tristan stained glass for

 Harden Grange





William Morris


The birth of Tristram


Arthur Hughes


 The departure of Tristram and La Belle Isoude from Ireland

Dante Gabriel Rossetti



Tristram and La Belle Isoude drink the love potion

Edward Burne-Jones



 The marriage of Tristram and Isoude Les Blanches Mains

Edward Burne-Jones



The madness of Tristram



The recognition of Tristram by La Belle Isoude



Edward Burne-Jones


The attempted suicide of La Belle Isoude



William Morris


Tristram and Isolde at King Arthur's court




Ford Maddox Brown

The death of Tristram




Edward Burne-Jones


The tomb of Tristram and Isolde



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