Neoclassicism and Romanticism


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)


Peter von Cornelius



Peter von Cornelius

born Sept. 23?, 1783, Düsseldorf, Palatinate
died March 6, 1867, Berlin

painter notable for his part in the German revival of fresco painting in the 19th century. His early works are unremarkable examples of Neoclassicism. But his style gradually changed under the influence of German Gothic art, German Romantic writers, and Durer's marginal drawings for the prayer book of Emperor Maximilian.
In 1811 Cornelius went to Rome, where he joined a group of young German painters, the Nazarenes, or Lucas Brotherhood (Lukasbund), led by Franz Pforr and J.F. Overbeck. In 1819 Cornelius was invited to Munich by the Bavarian crown prince, later King Ludwig I, to decorate the new museum of classical sculpture (Glyptothek). In 1824 he became director of the Munich Academy. His “Last Judgment” (1829–40), filling the whole east wall of the Ludwigskirche in Munich, is notable for its clarity and didactic purpose. In 1841 Frederick William IV called Cornelius to Berlin, where his main occupation was the planning of a vast cycle of frescoes (never executed) for the walls of a cemetery, modelled on the Campo Santo in Pisa.
At heart Cornelius was always an academic artist, even if his outlook was shaped by Romantic philosophy. But he remainsa notable artist by virtue of his penetrating intellect, which gave substance to his large dogmatic pictures and order to their composition.


The Holy Family


The Last Judgment

Ludwigskirche, Munich


Joseph Interpreting Pharaoh's Dream

Fresco with tempera, 236 x 290 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin


The three Maries at the Tomb


The Recognition of Joseph by his Brothers

Fresco with tempera, 236 x 290 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin


The Wise and Foolish Virgins



Hagen versenkt den Nibelungenhort


The Vision of the Rabenstein



The Riders of the Apocalypse


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