Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map


Paul Signac


Paul Signac

(b Paris, 11 Nov 1863; d Paris, 15 Aug 1935).

French painter, printmaker and writer. He came from a well-to-do family of shopkeepers. A visit to the exhibition of Claude Monet’s works organized by Georges Charpentier at the offices of La Vie moderne in 1880 decided him on an artistic career and encouraged him to try painting out of doors. His early works, landscapes or still-lifes of 1882–3 (Still-life, 1883; Berlin, Neue N.G.), show an Impressionist influence, particularly that of Monet and Alfred Sisley. In 1883 Signac took courses given by the Prix de Rome winner Jean-Baptiste Bin (1825–c. 1890), but they had little effect on his style. Such suburban Paris landscapes as The Gennevilliers Road (1883; Paris, Mus. d’Orsay) place his works in a world of modern images comparable to those of Jean François Rafaëlli in which factory chimneys, hoardings and etiolated trees abound (e.g. Gas Tanks at Clichy, 1886; Melbourne, N.G. Victoria). Already a friend of Henri Rivière, Signac soon met Armand Guillaumin, who provided important encouragement. In 1884 he was a founder-member of the Salon des Indépendants, where he met Georges Seurat who that year was exhibiting Bathers at Asnières (1884; London, N.G.). In this painting Seurat had already begun to apply principles of DIVISIONISM (although not yet the dot-like brushstroke), while Signac was still practising an orthodox form of Impressionism.



Red Buoy


Port-en Bessin, the Beach 


Dutch Mill at Edam 


Port of La Rochelle 


Cap d'Antibes 




Pine St. Tropez 


Fecamp, Sunshine 



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