The Triumph of the City


The High Renaissance



(Renaissance  Art Map)


Biagio Rossetti


The 16th century inherited a wealth of sumptuous architecture from the previous century. For the rich, there were the palazzi, magnificent city residences such as Brunelleschi's Palazzo Pitti in Florence (c.1440) and the Palazzo dei Diamanti in Ferrara (1492) by Biagio Rossetti (c.1447-1516). The country form of the palazzo, the villa with its gardens and orchards, was also introduced during this period. Elsewhere, the severe or incongruous architecture of buildings such as the Maschio Angioino in Naples and the Palazzo Ducale in Urbino was reformed. Churches were designed in a new style, and from Ferrara to Pienza. new urban areas were planned with rationalized form to create the ideal city.


Biagio Rossetti

From Wikipedia

Biagio Rossetti, (circa 1447 - 1516), was an Italian architect and urbanist from Ferrara. A military engineer since 1483, and the ducal arhictect of Ercole d'Este I, in 1492 Rossetti was assigned the project of enlarging the city of Ferrara.
Rossetti is considered the first architect in the history of urbanistics to make use of the advantages of the modern methods: balancing the humanistic principles in architecture, the real needs of the city, and local traditions. Beginning in 1495, he projected and directed construction of the defense walls around the city. After Ercole's death in 1505, Rossetti served the Cardinal Ippolito d'Este, in which role he was responsible for the creation of many notable palazzi and churches.


Biagio Rossetti
Palazzo Roverella Ferrara; 1508



Biagio Rossetti
Palazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara

Biagio Rossetti
Palazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara



Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449-94),
Confirmation of the Rule of St Francis, 1485.
Santa Trinita Sassetti Chapel, Florence.
Portraits of the Medici family are included in this painting of the humanist city.



Giusto Utens, View of the Medici Villa at Poggio a Caiano, 1559.
Monuments and Fine Arts Service, Florence.
The villa was built by Giuliano da Sangallo for the Medici in about 1485.



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