Leonardo
da Vinci

1452 - 1519

 
 
     
 Renaissance Art Map
   
         
     Leonardo da Vinci - biography
 
   
     Leonardo da Vinci
 
   
     CONTENTS:
 
   
     1452-1481 Leonardo in the Florence of the Medici    
     1482-1499 At the court of Ludovico il Moro    
     1500-1508 The return to Florence    
     1508-1513 The Milan of Charles d'Amboise    
     1513-1519 The last years: Rome and France    
         
 
 

                  

 


Leonardo da Vinci
Self-Portrait
c. 1512

   

     



1482-1499


At the court of Ludovico il Moro
               

 

 

 


Leonardo, military engineer
 

     

Leonardo's interest in architecture and military engineering determined the course of his travels and the nature of his activities on several occasions. His knowledge of war machines, cannons, assault carriages, and siege procedures, of which he boasted in his famous letter to Ludovico, found practical application when, after the fall of the duchy, Leonardo journeyed to Venice as the Republic's military adviser. These same duties took him to central Italy with Cesare Borgia (1502-03) and then to Piombino (c.1504). As a military engineer, Leonardo built on the concepts of Brunelleschi, Taccola, Francesco di Giorgio, and Valturio. After the revolutionary introduction of firearms, he designed an array of weapons for use on land and sea, demonstrating their capabilities with ballistic experiments to increase the range of fire and speed up the loading and firing of mortars, also inventing weapons such as multi-barrelled cannons, projectiles, and exploding bombshells.

 


 Leonardo da Vinci,
View of a Fortress, c.1504,
Madrid Codex, Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid.
This quadrangular fortress with cylindrical turrets connected to
lunettes is no longer identified with the Sforza Castle in Milan.
The project for the fort was in fact derived from Francesco di Giorgio.

          



Leonardo da Vinci,
Polygonal Bulwark
,
c.1502-03,
Codice Atlantico, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan.
The drawing shows a fortress bounds by a ditch and
two concentric enclosures.

 

                       

        

Leonardo da Vinci,
Star-shaped Bastion with an Indication of the Gun Embrasures
Turned Towards a Circular Inner Courtyard
,
1502-03,
Codice Atlantico, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan.
After the downfall of the Sforza dynasty and the increase in the production
of artillery devices, traditional defensive systems were reviewed.
The bastions were introduced in order to replace the now largely obsolete
corner towers of castles and fortresses.
 

                     


 Plan of the City oflmola,
before 1474,
Royal Library, Windsor.
This celebrated drawing is not attributable to Leonardo, who is credited only with the additions (1502-03), but to Danesio Mainen

                


Leonardo da Vinci,
Multi Barrel Gun
1480-82
Drawing
Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan
 

 
           


Leonardo da Vinci,
Crossbow Machine
1480-82
Drawing
Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan

 

           


Leonardo da Vinci,
Giant Crossbow
1480-82
Drawing
Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan
 

 

   

Leonardo da Vinci, Device for Repelling Scaling Ladders,
c.1480,
Codice Atlantico, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan.
Leonardo studied new systems of defence, both active and passive,
according to the military requirements of the court of Ludovico il Moro.
Many of his studies were duly readopted and developed by Michelangelo Buonarroti for the defence of Florence against the imperial army in 1527.

 

 

Discuss Art

Please note: site admin does not answer any questions. This is our readers discussion only.

 
| privacy