The High Renaissance








(b Correggio, ?1489; d Correggio, 5 March 1534).

Italian painter and draughtsman. Apart from his Venetian contemporaries, he was the most important northern Italian painter of the first half of the 16th century. His best-known works are the illusionistic frescoes in the domes of S Giovanni Evangelista and the cathedral in Parma, where he worked from 1520 to 1530. The combination of technical virtuosity and dramatic excitement in these works ensured their importance for later generations of artists. His altarpieces of the same period are equally original and ally intimacy of feeling with an ecstatic quality that seems to anticipate the Baroque. In his paintings of mythological subjects, especially those executed after his return to Correggio around 1530, he created images whose sensuality and abandon have been seen as foreshadowing the Rococo. Vasari wrote that Correggio was timid and virtuous, that family responsibilities made him miserly and that he died from a fever after walking in the sun. He left no letters and, apart from Vasari’s account, nothing is known of his character or personality beyond what can be deduced from his works. The story that he owned a manuscript of Bonaventura Berlinghieri’s Geographia, as well as his use of a latinized form of Allegri (Laetus), and his naming of his son after the humanist Pomponius Laetus, all suggest that he was an educated man by the standards of painters in this period. The intelligence of his paintings supports this claim. Relatively unknown in his lifetime, Correggio was to have an enormous posthumous reputation. He was revered by Federico Barocci and the Carracci, and throughout the 17th and 18th centuries his reputation rivalled that of Raphael.


Ecce Homo

Oil on canvas
National Gallery, London



The Education of Cupid

about. 1528
Oil on canvas, 155 x 91,5 cm
National Gallery, London


Leda with the Swan

Oil on canvas, 152 x 191 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


Deposition from the Cross

Oil on canvas, 158,5 x 184,3 cm
Galleria Nazionale, Parma



Oil on canvas, 163,5 x 70,5 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


The Mystic Marriage of St Catherine

c. 1520
Wood, 105 x 102 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


Noli me Tangere

about 1525
Oil on canvas, 130 x 103 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid


The Adoration of the Child

Oil on canvas, 81 x 67 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Virgin and Child with an Angel (Madonna del Latte)

Oil on wood, 68,5 x 56,8 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


Madonna della Scodella

Oil on canvas, 216,7 x 137,3 cm
Galleria Nazionale, Parma


The Magdalen
c. 1518-19
Oil on canvas 38.1 x 30.5 cm
National Gallery London

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