The High Renaissance





Hans Baldung


Hans Baldung

born c. 1484, Schwabisch Gmünd, Württemberg [Germany]
died 1545, Imperial Free City of Strasbourg [now Strasbourg, Fr.]

painter and graphic artist, one of the most outstanding figures in northern Renaissance art. He served as an assistant to Albrecht Durer, whose influence is apparent in his early works, although the demonic energy of his later style is closer to that of Matthias Grunewald.
His work is extensive and varied. It ranges from religious paintings and secular portraits to designs for tapestries and stained glass. He is noted for representations of the Virgin Mary, in which he combined landscapes, figures, light, and colour with an almost magical serenity. His portrayals of age, on the other hand, have a sinister character and a mannered virtuosity. His best known work in painting is the High Altar of the cathedral at Freiburg im Breisgau, Ger., for which he also designed the stained-glass choir windows.
Baldung-Grien's paintings are equalled in importance by his extensive body of drawings, engravings, and woodcuts ofan intense vitality. The Totentanz (“dance of death”) and the “death and the maiden” theme occur frequently in his graphic works. An early supporter of the Reformation, he executed a woodcut in which Martin Luther is protected by the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove.
Baldung-Grien was a member of the Strasbourg town council, as well as official painter to the episcopate. His works also appear in the church at Elzach and the museums of Basel, Karlsruhe, Cologne, Freiburg, and Nurnberg.


Portrait of a Young Man with a Rosary

Oil on panel, 51,4 x 36,8 cm
Royal Collection, Windsor



Virgin and Child in a Room

Oil on wood, 47,9 x 36,6 cm
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg



St Sebastian Altarpiece

Oil on wood, 121,2 x 78,6 cm (central panel), 121,5 x 32 cm (each wing)
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg


Adoration of the Magi

Oil on wood
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


Rest on the Flight to Egypt

c. 1514
Oil on wood, 48,5 x 38,6 cm
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg


St John at Patmos

c. 1515
Oil on wood, 87,3 x 75,6 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Mater Dolorosa

c. 1516
Wood, 153 x 46 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


Mater Dolorosa
c. 1516
Wood, 153 x 46 cm (full panel)
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


Count Christoph I of Baden

Wood, 47 x 36 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich


The Trinity and Mystic Pieta


The Mass of St. Gregory

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