Baroque and Rococo

 

Baroque and Rococo Art Map


 


Guercino

 

 
 
Guercino [Barbieri, Giovanni Francesco]

(b Cento, ?2 Feb 1591; d Bologna, 22 Dec 1666).

Italian painter and draughtsman. He was one of the leading painters of the Bolognese school and one of the most accomplished draughtsmen of the Italian Baroque. His paintings show a command of subtle effects of light and dark, with the figures revealing a wide variety of gesture and facial expression, the result of the artist’s good grasp of human psychology. Guercino’s style changed dramatically during his long career. His early works are robust in handling, rich in muted colour and dramatic in lighting and composition. But after a short visit to Rome in 1621–3, his painting began slowly to alter as he came under the influence of a more classical style of painting, then so popular in official circles. He was deeply affected by the austere classicism of one of his greatest rivals, Guido Reni. Following Reni’s death in 1642, Guercino moved from his native Cento, where he had previously spent almost the whole of his career, to Bologna, and assumed the position of the city’s principal painter. His activity as a painter is particularly well documented, thanks to the extensive list of his commissions in Malvasia’s biography (based on documentation to which he had access in Guercino’s house), together with the Libro dei conti (account book) recording payments for his commissions, which was kept in Guercino’s studio from 1629 until his death by his younger brother, PAOLO ANTONIO BARBIERI, with whom he occasionally collaborated.

 

 


St Marguerite

Oil on canvas
S. Pietro in Vincoli, Rome

 

 

 


Martyrdom of St Catherine

1653
Oil on canvas, 222,5 x 159 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg
 

 


Susanna and the Elders

1617
Oil on canvas, 175 x 207 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid


 

St William of Aquitaine Receiving the Cowl

1620
Oil on canvas
Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna


 

St Augustine Washing the Feet of the Redeemer

Oil on canvas
S. Agostino in Campo Marzio, Rome


 

St Augustine, St John the Baptist and St Paul the Hermit

Oil on canvas
S. Agostino in Campo Marzio, Rome


 

The Entombment of Christ

1656
Oil on canvas
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago


 

The Flagellation of Christ

1657
Oil on canvas 250 x 185 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome


 

St Francis with an Angel Playing Violin

Oil on canvas, 162 x 127 cm
Gemaldegalerie, Dresden
 
 

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