Baroque and Rococo


Baroque and Rococo Art Map

Claude Lorrain


Claude Lorrain

(b Chamagne, Lorraine, ?1604–5; d Rome, 23 Nov 1682).

French painter, draughtsman and etcher, active in Italy. He has long been known as the greatest of all ideal landscape painters. Ideal landscape is a term signifying the creation of an image of nature more beautiful and better ordered than nature itself. The term is closely linked to the pastoral, and contented shepherds guarding their flocks and herds are usually an integral feature of Claude’s pictures. He was far from being the inventor of this art form, which first emerged in Venetian painting around 1510, but he brought it to a pitch of refinement not reached by anyone else. Claude’s distinctive contribution to the genre was to use light as the principal means both of unifying the composition and of lending beauty to the landscape. He was also able to introduce into the artificial formula, to an unusual degree, effects studied from nature itself. Almost from the first, his work reflected courtly values of ‘high finish’ and decorum, and it is no accident that his most important patrons were members of the European nobility and higher clergy. 


Landscape with the Finding of Moses

Oil on canvas, 209 x 138 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid


Landscape with Merchants

c. 1630
Oil on canvas, 97,2 x 143,6 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington


The Campo Vaccino, Rome

Oil on canvas, 56 x 72 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


Port Scene with the Villa Medici

Oil on canvas, 102 x 133 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Port Scene with the Embarkation of St Ursula

Oil on canvas, 113 x 149 cm
National Gallery, London


The Disembarkation of Cleopatra at Tarsus

Oil on canvas, 119 x 170 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


Italian Coastal Landscape

Oil on canvas, 97 x 131 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


Imaginary View of Tivoli

Oil on copper, 21,6 x 25,7 cm
Courtauld Institute Galleries, London


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