Baroque and Rococo


Baroque and Rococo Art Map

Philippe de Champaigne


Philippe de Champaigne

(b Brussels, 14 May 1602; d Paris, 12 Aug 1674).

His artistic style was varied: far from being limited to the realism traditionally associated with Flemish painters, it developed from late Mannerism to the powerful lyricism of the Baroque. It was influenced as much by Rubens as by Vouet, culminating in an aesthetic vision of the world and of humanity that was based on an analytic view of appearances and on psychological truth. He was perhaps the greatest portrait painter of 17th-century France. At the same time he was one of the principal instigators of the Classical tendency and a founder-member of the Academie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture. His growing commitment to the Jansenist religious movement and the severe plainness of the works that it inspired has led to his being sometimes considered to typify Jansenist thinking, with its iconoclastic impulse, in spite of the opposing evidence of his other paintings. He should be seen as an example of the successful integration of foreign elements into French culture and as the representative of the most intellectual current of French painting.


The Penitent Magdalen

Oil on canvas, 115,5 x 87 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston




The Annunciation

c. 1645
Oil on canvas, 334 x 214 cm
Wallace Collection, London


Ex Voto

Oil on canvas, 165 x 229 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


Portrait of Henri Groulart

Oil on canvas, 92,5 x 75,5 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


The Marriage of the Virgin

c. 1644
Oil on panel, 71,5 x 143,5 cm
Wallace Collection, London


The Marriage of the Virgin (detail)
c. 1644
Oil on panel, 71,5 x 143,5 cm
Wallace Collection, London


The Miracles of the Penitent St Mary

Oil on canvas, 219 x 336 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


Portrait of Omer Talon

Oil on canvas, 225 x 161,6 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington


Portrait of Bishop Jean-Pierre Camus

Oil on canvas, 73,2 x 59,4 cm
Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent


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