Art of the 20th Century





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James Gleeson 




 

James Gleeson 

James Gleeson (born 21 November 1915) is Australia's foremost surrealist artist. He is also a poet, critic, writer and curator. He has played a significant role in the Australian art scene, including serving on the board of the National Gallery of Australia.

Gleeson was born in Sydney where he attended East Sydney Technical College. It was here he was drawn to work of the likes of Salvador Dalí, Giorgio de Chirico and Max Ernst. In 1938 he studied at Sydney Teacher's College where he gained two years training in general primary school teaching. He also joined the Sydney Branch of the assertively experimental Contemporary Art Society. At this time Gleeson became interested in the writings of psychologists such as Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. These would become major intellectual influences for his art.

Gleeson's themes generally delved into the subconscious using literary, mythological or religious subject matter. He was particularly interested in Jung’s archetypes of the collective unconscious.

During the 50s and 60s he moved to a more symbolic perspective, exploring notions of human perfectibility. At this time he increasingly fashioned small psychedelic compositions made using the surrealist technique of decalcomania in the background, to suggest a landscape, and finished by adding a fastidiously painted male nude in the foreground. The ideas for these compositions also saw Gleeson move into collage with his Locus Solus series, where he produced a substantial body of work by placing dismembered photographs, magazine illustrations, diagrams and lines of visionary poetry against abstract pools of ink.

Since the 1970s Gleeson has generally made large scale paintings in keeping with the surrealist Inscape genre. The works outwardly resemble rocky seascapes, although in detail the coastline's geological features are found to be made of giant molluscs and threatening crustacae. In keeping with the Freudian principles of surrealism these grotesque, nightmarish compositions symbolise the inner workings of the human mind. Called 'Psychoscapes' by the artist, they show liquid, solid and air coming together and directly allude to the interface between the conscious, subconscious and unconscious mind.

Gleeson's later works incorporate the human form less and less in it's entirety. The human form was then represented in his landscapes by suggestions, an arm, a hand or merely an eye.


 


Gondolier with Siren


 


Journey to the Edgre of Night


 


Phlebas the Phoenician


 


Sea-Wrack Involving the Heads of Tristan and Isolde


 


Sleep


 


The Authority of the Shell


 


The Calibanned Coast


 


The Curtain


 


The Dance


 


The Darkening Stage


 


The Judgment of Paris


 


The Messengers


 


The Opening Gate


 


The Sable Equation


 


The Secret Heart of the Headland


 


Tristan and Isolde


 


Two Volcanoes in a Sitting Room


 

Coagulations on the Mainternance of Identity


 


Images


 


Lapsed Shadows Recycled to a Capable Coast
 


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