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Bol Ferdinand



Ferdinand Bol

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ferdinand Bol (June 24, 1616 August 24, 1680) was a Dutch artist, etcher, and draftsman. Although his surviving work is rare, it displays Rembrandt's influence; like his master, Bol favored historical subjects, portraits, numerous self-portraits, and single figures in exotic finery.

Ferdinand was born in Dordrecht as the son of a surgeon, Balthasar Bol. Ferdinand Bol was first an apprentice of Jacob Cuyp in his hometown and/or of Abraham Bloemaert in Utrecht. After 1630 he studied with Rembrandt, living in his house in Sint Antoniesbreestraat, then a fashionable street and area for painters, jewellers, architects, and many Flemish and Jewish immigrants. In 1641 Bol started his own studio.

In 1652 he became a burgher of Amsterdam, and in 1653 he married Elisabeth Dell, whose father held positions with the Admiralty of Amsterdam and the wine merchants' guild, both institutions that later gave commissions to the artist. Within a few years (1655) he became the head of the guild and received orders to deliver two chimney pieces for rooms in the new town hall designed by Jacob van Campen, and four more for the Admiralty of Amsterdam.

By this time Bol was a popular and successful painter. His palette had lightened, his figures possessed greater elegance, and by the middle of the decade he was receiving more official commissions than any other artist in Amsterdam. Godfrey Kneller was his pupil. Bol delivered four paintings for the two mansions of the brothers Trip, originally also from Dordrecht.

Bol's first wife died 1660. In 1669 Bol married for the second time to Anna van Arckel, widow of the treasurer of the Admiralty, and apparently retired from painting at that point in his life. In 1672 the couple moved to Keizersgracht 472, then a newly designed part of the city, and now the Museum van Loon. Bol served as a governor in a Home for Lepers. Bol died a few weeks after his wife, on Herengracht, where his son, a lawyer, lived.

Probably his best known painting is a portrait of Elisabeth Bas, the wife of the naval officer Joachim Swartenhondt and an innkeeper near the Dam square. This and many other of his paintings would in the 19th century be falsely attributed to Rembrandt.


Jacob's Dream





Venus and Adonis


Aeneas at the Court of Latinus


Portrait of a Man


Elijah Fed by an Angel


Governors of the Wine Merchant's Guild


Portrait of Michiel Adriaansz de Ruyter


Joven con una pluma en la gorra


Consul Titus Manlius Torquatus Beheading His Son


Portrait of an Unknown Woman


Venus presenting Aeneas with armour from Vulcano's smithy


The Peace Negotiations between Claudius Civilis and Cerealis


The presentation of gifts


of a Lady


Portrait d'une femme


Couple  la balustrade


Portret van Engel de Ruyter


Portret van een mathematicus


Portrat des Bildhauers Artus Quellinus


Portrait of a Lady


Elisabeth Jacobsdr. Bas


Dead Game


Roelof Meulenaer


Maria Rey, Wife of Roelof Meulenaer


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