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 Barthel Bruyn the Elder

 

 

Barthel Bruyn the Elder        

 

Bartholomäus Bruyn (1493 – 1555), usually called Barthel Bruyn or Barthel Bruyn the Elder, was a German Renaissance painter active in Cologne. He painted altarpieces and portraits, and was Cologne's foremost portrait painter in the sixteenth century.

He was born in Wesel or Cologne. His early works suggest that he received his artistic training in the Lower Rhine. His earliest documented altarpiece is a Coronation of the Virgin (1515–16) commissioned by Dr. Peter von Clapis, a professor at the University of Cologne. Bruyn’s altarpieces of the 1510s and 1520s are influenced by the style of Jan Joest—to whom Bruyn was related—and often emulate Joest’s habit of illuminating his figures from below. By the time Bruyn painted the Essen altarpiece (1522–25) he had combined Joest's influence with that of Joos van Cleve. In the 1530s, he developed a more Italianate style that reflects the examples of Raphael and Michelangelo, which he probably knew only at second hand through the engravings of Marcantonio Raimondi and as filtered through the works of such artists as Jan van Scorel and Martin van Heemskerck.

Bruyn is especially noted for his portraits. He was the first important portrait painter in Cologne, and the founder of a prolific school of portraiture that was continued by his sons Arnt and Barthel Bruyn the Younger. Bruyn's depictions of the upper-middle-class citizens of Cologne are "lively and expressive, and they show no vain flattery". His subjects are usually portrayed at half-length against a flat background; the face is the center of attention, but costume details are crisply described, and prominence is given to the hands. Bruyn did not sign his portraits, and some of them have in the past been misattributed to Hans Holbein, whose influence is apparent in Bruyn's works after 1539.

Barthel Bruyn was a respected citizen of Cologne and active throughout his life in civic affairs. He was elected to the City Council in 1549 and 1553, and died a wealthy man. His works are in numerous public collections, including the National Gallery, London; the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York; and the Louvre in Paris.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

 


Portrait of a Woman with her Daughter
1540
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

 

 


Bildnis eines jungen Mannes mit Handschuhen

 

 


Portrait of a knight
1531

 

 


Anne of Cleeves
1540

 

 


Portrait of a Man

 

 


Altarpiece, Church of St. John the Baptist, Essen

 

 


Burgomaster Arnold von Brauweiler
1535

 

 


Portrait Of A Man Of The Patrician Family
Of Weinsberg Cologne

 

 


The Nativity

 

 


Portrait of a Man

 

 


Portrait of a Lady

 

 


Portrait of a Woman

 

 


Portrait of a Young Woman
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne

 

 


Portrait of a Woman

 

 


Portrait of a Man with Three Sons
c. 1530

 

 


Portrait of a Gentleman

 

 


Portrait of a Noblewoman
1535
Museo Correr, Venice

 

 


Portrait of Scholar Petrus von Clapis
c. 1528

 

 


Portrait of a Gentleman

 

 


Skull in a Niche
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

 

 


Vanitas Still-Life

 
 

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