Aleksei Petrovich Bogolyubov
(b Pomeranye, nr Novgorod, 28 March 1824; d Paris, 7 Nov 1896).
Russian painter, collector and teacher. He was the foremost marine painter of the Realist group of Russian artists, the WANDERERS, and his work shows the influence of Ivan Ayvazovsky. A graduate of the Russian Navy School, Bogolyubov began to serve in the Russian fleet in 1839, where his outstanding ability at drawing attracted attention. He studied at the Academy of Arts in St Petersburg (185053) under Maksim Vorobyov (17871855) and Bogdan Villevalde (18191903). In 1853 he was appointed artist to the Naval General Staff and began to work on sea-battle scenes (including, from 1856 to 1860, depictions of events in the Crimean War). He received stipends from the Academy for study abroad between 1854 and 1860 and worked in Turkey, Greece, Italy, Holland, France and Germany. During this period he worked in Eugène Isabeys studio in Paris, where he was influenced by the Barbizon school, and in the studio of Andreas Achenbach (18151910) in Düsseldorf, where he became attracted to romantic landscape (e.g. Seashore at Scheveningen, c. 1859; St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.). In 1858 he was made an academician for his views of Constantinople, Rome and Lake Geneva. He gained a professorship at the St Petersburg Academy in 1861. He joined the Wanderers in 1872 and contributed to their exhibitions until his death. After 1872 he frequently worked abroad, especially in Paris (e.g. Ecouen, 1882; Moscow, Tretyakov Gal.). Despite his extensive foreign travels Bogolyubovs mature work also reflects an interest in life within the Russian empire (e.g. View of Nizhny Novgorod, 1878; St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.).