American painter and theorist. He worked as a graphic designer for
several years before studying art at the School of the Art Institute
of Chicago from 1926 to 1929. A week after his arrival he saw a
painting by Cézanne that greatly influenced his subsequent thought.
He lived in New York from 1934 to 1940, except for a nine-month
period in 1936–7 when he lived in Paris. He began to make reliefs in
1934. His visits in Paris to the studios of Mondrian, Georges
Vantongerloo, César Domela and Antoine Pevsner made him aware of De
Stijl, Neo-Plasticism, Abstraction-Création and Constructivism. He
also met Léger, Miró, Arp, Kandinsky, Robert Delaunay, Alberto
Giacometti, Picasso and Brancusi.
Untitled, Paris, April 1937
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