(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")
Laszlo Moholy-Nagy - 1
born July 20, 1895, Bacsbarsod, Hung.
died Nov. 24, 1946, Chicago
Hungarian painter, photographer, and art teacher, whose vision of a
nonrepresentational art consisting of pure visual fundamentals—colour,
texture, light, and equilibrium of forms—was immensely influential in both
the fine and applied arts in the mid-20th century.
Moholy-Nagy studied law in Budapest, joined the poetry circle of Endre Ady,
and published woodcuts of Cubist influence in the avant-garde journal Ma.
He went to Berlin in 1921, and in 1923 he headed the metal workshop of the
famous avant-garde school of design known as the Bauhaus and edited the
publications known as the Bauhausbook series. During his Bauhaus years
(1923–29) he evolved the contributions to art and to art education for
which he is known.
As painter and photographer he worked predominantly with light. His
photograms were composed directly on the film, and his “light modulators”
(oil paintings on transparent or polished surfaces) included mobile light
effects. As an educator, Moholy-Nagy evolved a widely accepted curriculum
developing natural visual gifts instead of specialized skills in the
student. His dictum was: “Everybodyis talented.” Fine-arts training was
abolished in favour of “designing the whole man.” Fleeing from Nazi
Germany in 1935, he went to London and then in 1937 organized and headed
in Chicago the New Bauhaus (later the Institute of Design of the Illinois
Institute of Technology), the first American school based on the Bauhaus