Developments in the 19th Century

 




Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map


 





Although Mackintosh

 


 

 


Although Mackintosh

born June 7, 1868, Glasgow
died Dec. 10, 1928, London

Scottish architect and designer who was prominent in the Arts and Crafts Movement in Great Britain.

He was apprenticed to a local architect, John Hutchinson, and attended evening classes at the Glasgow School of Art. In 1889 he joined the firm of Honeyman and Keppie, becoming a partner in 1904.
In collaboration with three other students, one of whom, Margaret Macdonald, became his wife in 1900, Mackintosh achieved an international reputation in the 1890s as a designer of unorthodox posters, craftwork, and furniture. In contrast to contemporary fashion his work was light, elegant,and original, as exemplified by four remarkable tearooms he designed in Glasgow (1896–1904) and other domestic interiors of the early 1900s.
Mackintosh's chief architectural projects were the Glasgow School of Art (1896–1909), considered the first original example of Art Nouveau architecture in Great Britain; two unrealized projects—the 1901 International exhibition, Glasgow (1898), and “Haus eines Kunstfreundes” (1901); Windyhill, Kilmacolm (1899–1901), and Hill House, Helensburgh (1902); the Willow Tea Rooms, Glasgow (1904); and Scotland Street School (1904–06). Although all havesome traditional characteristics, they reveal a mind of exceptional inventiveness and aesthetic perception. By 1914 he had virtually ceased to practice and thereafter devoted himself to watercolour painting.
Although Mackintosh was nearly forgotten for several decades, the late 20th century saw a revival of interest in hiswork. The stark simplicity of some of his furniture designs, in particular, appealed to contemporary taste, and reproductions of Mackintosh chairs and settees began to be manufactured. The Mackintosh House in Glasgow was reconstructed and opened to the public as a museum in the late 1970s.
Thomas Howarth, Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Modern Movement (1952; 2nd ed., 1977), is the standard work on the architecture, well supplemented by Roger Billcliffe, Charles Rennie Mackintosh: The Complete Furniture, Furniture Drawings, and Interior Designs (1979).
       

 

The Opera of the Sea



 

Design for Mural Decoration




 

Music Room, A House for an Art Lover



 

 


Anemones




 

Gorse



 

In Fairyland
1897



 

Yellow Tulips
1923



 

Petunia



 

Petunias



 

Textile Design: Stylized Daisies



 

Textile Design: Stylized Tulips



 

Textile Sample: Stylized Daisies



 

The Tree of Influence



 

The Tree of Personal Effort
1895



 

Autumn
1894



 

Cartel para la revista "The Scottish Musical Review"
1896



 

Poster: "The Scottish Musical Rewiew"

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