French painter whose experiments with pure, intense colour drawn
straight from the tube and applied in thick daubs earned him a
charter association with the Fauves.
Vlaminck was noted for his brash temperament as well as his
flair for painting landscapes. His interest in art dated from
1895, withlessons in drawing and study of the Impressionists,
and in 1899 he began sharing a studio with André Derain, who had
been a friend from childhood. Vlaminck was also at various times
a musician, actor, cyclist, and novelist.
In 1901 Vlaminck was overwhelmed by an exhibition of the art of
Vincent van Gogh, whose works became a new influence; he also
met Henri Matisse and first exhibited at the Salon des
Indépendants, Paris. Though his work remained representational,
its freer use of colour was moving in the innovative direction
of Fauvism. In 1905 he participated in the controversial group
show at the Salon d'Automne, when the term Fauve was first
applied to canvases of bold colour, applied in a spontaneous and
impulsive manner. By 1908, however, he had turned to painting
landscapes of thickly applied grays, whites, and deep blues. His
style moved closer to that of the final development of Paul
Cézanne, and he gained a more solidly based sense of
composition. About 1915 he began to achieve a personal, strongly
stated, and thoroughly French Expressionist style.