Developments in the 19th Century



 




Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map


 




SYMBOLISM

in

FRANCE




(Between Romanticism and Expressionism)




 




Andre Derain

(1880-1954)
 

     


 

   
 


Andre Derain


(Encyclopaedia Britannica)

French painter who was one of the principal Fauvists.

Derain studied painting in Paris at the Académie Carriere and at the Académie Julian. He developed his early style in association with Maurice de Vlaminck, whom he met in 1900, and with Henri Matisse, with whom he became acquainted in 1905. Together with these two painters, Derain was one of the principal exponents of Fauvism in the period from 1905 to 1908. He painted landscapes and figure studies in brilliant, sometimes pure colours and used broken brushstrokes and impulsive lines to define his spontaneous compositions. Derain broke with Fauvism in 1908, when he temporarily came under the influence of the works of Paul Cézanne. He worked for a few years in a stylized form of Cubism, but by the 1920s his paintings of nudes, still lifes, and portraits had become increasingly Neoclassical, and the spontaneity and impulsiveness that had distinguished his earlier work gradually disappeared. His art underwent virtually no change after the 1920s. Derain had considerable ability as a decorator and created theatrical designs, notably for the Ballets Russes. He also produced numerous book illustrations.
 

   

 



 

 

b Chatou, nr Paris, 17 June 1880; d Garches, 8 Sept 1954

 French painter, sculptor, illustrator, stage designer and collector. He was a leading exponent of FAUVISM. In early 1908 he destroyed most of his work to concentrate on tightly constructed landscape paintings, which were a subtle investigation of the work of Cézanne. After World War I his work became more classical, influenced by the work of such artists as Camille Corot. In his sculpture he drew upon his knowledge and collection of non-Western art.

   
Bal des soldats a Suresnes
1903
 
   
Boats
1905

 
   
Portrait of Matisse
1905
 
   
Boats at Collioure
1905
 
   
Mountains at Collioure
1905
 
   
Collioure
1905


 

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