Developments in the 19th Century



 




Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map


 




SYMBOLISM

in

FRANCE




(Between Romanticism and Expressionism)


 




Auguste Rodin

(1840 - 1917)

 

 


 

 

b Paris, 12 Nov 1840; d Meudon, 18 Nov 1917.

French sculptor and draughtsman. He is the only sculptor of the modern age regarded in his lifetime and afterwards to be on a par with Michelangelo. Both made images with widespread popular appeal, and both stressed the materiality of sculpture. Rodin’s most famous works—the Age of Bronze, The Thinker, The Kiss, the Burghers of Calais and Honoré de Balzac—are frequently reproduced outside a fine-art context to represent modern attitudes that require poses and encounters freed from allegory, idealization and propriety. The Rodin mythology embraces the artist’s faith in the spiritual dignity of individuals that direct scrutiny can reveal; this is at its most blatant in Rodin’s portraits of French heroes such as Balzac and Victor Hugo, presented naked and vulnerable. His numerous biographers dwell on his rise from humble origins and his struggle to be accepted by the juries arbitrating entry to the Salon and to be awarded government commissions. Also part of the myth are the fidelity of Rose Beuret, his companion of 50 years; his brazen sexuality; and the unprecedented international fame Rodin acquired after 1900

 
 
The Prodigal Son
1889
Musee Rodin, Paris

 

Adam

 

The Shade
1880

The Rodin Museum, Philadelphia

 

Saint John the Baptist Preaching
1878

 

The Crouching Woman
1880-82 

 

The Kneeling Female Faun
1884-86

 

She Who Was the Helmet-Maker's Beautiful Wife
1880-85

 

Sinner  
1885
Hermitage, St Petersburg
 

 

Heroic Bust of Victor Hugo
1890-97

 

Invocation
1900
   
The Age of Bronze
1903-1904
Gift of Mrs. John W. Simpson
 
 
Ugolino
1882
Musee Rodin, Paris
 
Monument to Balza
1898
 
Head of Balzac
 
Nude Study of Balzac
1892
 
 

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