Developments in the 19th Century



 




Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map


 




SYMBOLISM

in

FRANCE




(Between Romanticism and Expressionism)


 




Ker Xavier Roussel

(1867- 1944)

 


 

 


V.J. Roux-Champion
 Portrait de Ker-Xavier Roussel

  b Lorry-les-Metz, Moselle, 10 Dec 1867; d L’Etang-la-Ville, Yvelines, 6 June 1944

French painter, printmaker and decorative artist. While still at the Lycée Condorcet in Paris, he met Edouard Vuillard (whose sister Marie he married in 1893), Maurice Denis and Paul Sérusier; once they had finished their studies, they all went together to the Académie Julian, where Pierre Bonnard, Georges Lacombe, Paul Ranson and Félix Valloton were already enrolled. Dissatisfied with the teaching of William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Jules Lefebvre, they left the Académie in 1890, two years after they had begun to meet together as the NABIS. Roussel took part in the exhibitions at the Cafe Volpini in 1889 and the Le Barc de Boutteville gallery in 1891. At that time his pictures applied the rules of SYNTHETISM outlined by Sérusier—flat planes of repeated colour encircled by dark lines forming a harmonious rhythm; a typical example of his oil paintings of this period is My Grandmother (1888; Paris, priv. col.). Like the other Nabis, he did not restrict himself to easel painting but also produced murals, stained glass and lithographs: the colour lithograph the Dog’s Education, which he contributed to the anthology Amours (Paris, 1892–8) published by the dealer Ambroise Vollard, was the first of several such projects in which he developed the Symbolist character of his work. The 12 lithographs he contributed to another Vollard publication, Album de Paysages (Paris, 1899), vividly expressed the pantheist vision of nature that was to characterize his later work.
 
   
Mythological Scene
1903
Hermitage, St Petersburg

   
Satyre souvrant derriere une nymphe
1910
 
   
Centaure nageant sous l'orage
1910
 
 
Petit couple dansant sur une plage
1910
   
Rural Festival
1913
Hermitage, St Petersburg
 
   
The Bathers: Copie d'un tableau de Cezanne 1914
 

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