Developments in the 19th Century



 




Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map


 




SYMBOLISM in FRANCE




(Between Romanticism and Expressionism)



 


 

 


C o n t e n t s:
 
Symbolism in France  
 
Synthetism Pont-Aven school
Intimism Nabis
Fauvism  
 
collections:
Aman-Jean Edmond  Anquetin Louis
Bernard Emile Bonnard Pierre
Carriere Eugene Claudel Camille
Denis Maurice Derain Andre
Dongen Kees van Dufy Raoul
Fantin-Latour Henri Filiger Charles
Gauguin Paul Hawkins Louis  
Jacquemin Jeanne   Lacombe Georges
Levy-Dhurmer Lucien Maillol Aristide
Matisse Henri Marquet Albert
Maurin Charless Maxence Edgar
Moreau Gustaves   Mossa Gustave Adolphe 
Osbert Alphonce Point Armand 
Puvis de Chavannes Pierre  Ranson Paul
Redon Odilon Rodin Auguste
Rouault Georges Rousseau Henri
Roussel Ker Xaviers Seon Alexandre
Serusier Paul Vallotton Felix
Vlaminck Maurice
 
Vuillard Edouard
 
 


 

 

 



The work of some of the
Nabis  and Pont-Aven artists (Emile Bernard, Felix Vallotton, Charles Filiger) was also exhibited.

 Peladan, obeying the peculiar logic of his public persona, in due course adopted the title of "Sar" and replaced his given name, Josephin, by the more resonantly Babylonian first name "Merodak".

 And it was in the guise of an oriental magus that he was portrayed by
Alexandre Seon  in 1891.
 With Peladan and Antoine de la Rochefoucauld,
Seon was one of the founders of the Rose+Croix Salon, where he often exhibited to considerable critical praise from the Symbolist critics. 

Though the portrait genre was proscribed by the Rose+Croix, this exception was reclassified as an honneur iconique and thus became acceptable.
 


Seon Alexandre

(see collection)
 
Alexandre Seon
Orpheus Laments
1896


 



Aman-Jean Edmond

(see collection)
 

 


Edmond Aman-Jean
Young Girl with Peacock
1895


 

Levy-Dhurmer Lucien

(see collection)
 
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer
The Gust of Wind
1986



 

Point Armand

(see collection)





 


Armand Point
Ophelia


 

Standing outside trends and movements, Odilon Redon  (1840-1916), a native of Bordeaux, produced a rich and enigmatic corpus: "Like music," he declared, "my drawings transport us to the ambiguous world of the indeterminate." In contrast with Goya's monsters and Kubin's nightmare visions, his work is imbued with a melancholy passivity. While origins of this disposition must be sought in the artist's experience, the overall effect is entirely consistent with the moods of Symbolism that we have defined: nocturnal, autumnal, and lunar rather than solar. During the early part of Redon's career, the nocturnal did indeed predominate. Only later did he admit the light of day. His mature production began around 1875 when Redon entered the shadowy world of charcoal and the lithographer's stone. This period yielded sequences such as In Dream (1879), and Origins (1883). Redon made it clear that they had been inspired by his dreams, and they inspire in the spectator a conviction like that of dreams.

It was only in the 1890s that he begin to use the luminous, musical tones of pastel and oils. These became the dominant media of the last fifteen years of his life.
Redon's art was always commanded by his dreams, but the thematic content of his work over his last twenty years is more densely mythical, brimming with newfound hope and light which rose quite unexpectedly out of the depths of the artist's personality. This is particularly apparent in the various canvases depicting the chariot of Apollo, the god of the sun.

 




Redon Odilon

(see collection)


 

   

The Eye Like a Strange Balloon
Mounts Toward Infinity.
1882
 

The Shapeless Polyp Floated
along the Bank, a Sort of Hideous,
Smiling Cyclops.
1883
 

Seon Alexandre

(see collection)
 
Alexandre Seon
Portrait of Peladan
1891
 
Maxence Edgar

(see collection)
Edgar Maxence
Profile with Peacock
1896
 
Osbert Alphonce

(see collection)
 
Alphonce Osbert
Evening in Antiquity
1908
 
Fantin-Latour Henri

(see collection)
 

Henri Fantin-Latour
Helen
1892

 
Aman-Jean Edmond

(see collection)
 
Edmond Aman-Jean
Young Girl with Peacock
1895
 
Mossa Gustave

(see collection)
 
Gustave Adolphe Mossa
Woman of Fashion and Jockey
1906
 
Levy-Dhurmer Lucien

(see collection)
 
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer
Salome
1986
 
Point Armand

(see collection)

 
Armand Point
Golden Legend
 
Hawkins Louis

(see collection)
 
Louis Welden Hawkins
The Haloes
1894
 
Redon Odilon

(see collection)
 
The Cyclops.
1900
 
 
 

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