Official Art


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)


Franz Xavier Winterhalter


Franz Xavier Winterhalter

(b Menzenschwand, Baden Württemberg, 20 April 1805; d Frankfurt am Main, 8 July 1873).

German painter and lithographer. He trained as a draughtsman and lithographer in the workshop of Karl Ludwig Schüler (1785–1852) in Freiburg im Breisgau and went to Munich in 1823, sponsored by the industrialist Baron Eichtal. In 1825 he began a course of study at the Akademie and was granted a stipend by Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden. The theoretical approach to art of the Akademie under the direction of Peter Cornelius was unfamiliar to him, as in Freiburg he had been required to paint in a popular style. He found the stimulus for his future development in the studio of Joseph Stieler, a portrait painter who was much in demand and who derived inspiration from French painting. Winterhalter became his collaborator in 1825. From Stieler he learnt to make the heads of figures emerge from shadow and to use light in the modelling of faces. He moved to Karlsruhe in 1830 with his brother Hermann Winterhalter (1808–92), who had also trained with Schüler and had followed him to Munich.



The Empress Eugenie



Madame Sofya Petrovna Naryschkina


Melanie de Bussiere, Comtesse Edmond de Pourtales


Countess Varvara Alekseyevna Musina-Pushkina


Edouard Andre


The Empress Maria Alexandrovna of Russia


Princess Elizabeth Esperovna Belosselsky-Belosenky, Princess Troubetskoi


Wienczyslawa Barczewska, Madame de Jurjewicz


Adelina Patti


Princess Sophie Troubetskoi, Duchess de Morny


Princess Alice


Pauline Sandor, Princess Metternich


Il dolce far niente


Julia Louise Bosville, Lady Middleton


Portrait of a Lady


Prince Albert

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