Neoclassicism and Romanticism

 


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)



 




Philipp Otto Runge



 


 
Philipp Otto Runge

(b Wolgast, 23 July 1777; d Hamburg, 2 Dec 1810).

German painter, draughtsman and theorist. He stands alongside Caspar David Friedrich as a leading figure in German Romantic painting even though his early death restricted his oeuvre to relatively few stages of development. The enduring prominence of philosophical and theoretical concerns suggests that further work would have contributed to the history of ideas as well as to that of art. Runge’s greatest influence was on later, largely 20th-century artists and thinkers rather than on his immediate contemporaries. While 19th-century developments certainly bore out Runge’s claim for a new, symbolic role for landscape, it was only in the later 19th century and in the 20th century that serious consideration was given to his colour theory and to his concept of the total work of art appealing to several senses (subsequently termed GESAMTKUNSTWERK).



 


Self-Portrait


 
 


The Artist's Parents

1806
Oil on canvas, 196 x 131 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg
 


 

The Artist's Wife and Son



 


Ruhe auf der Flucht



 


The Lesson of the Nightingale

1804-05
Oil on canvas, 105 x 86 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg




 

The Great Morning

1809-10
Oil on canvas, 152 x 113 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg



 

The Hulsenbeck Children

1805-06
Oil on canvas, 131,5 x 143,5 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg




 

Lily of Light and Morning Star

1808
Pencil, black, red and white chalk on brownish paper, 570 x 409 mm
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne




 

Times of Day: Day

1805
Copper engraving, 712 x 475 mm
Staatliches Kupferstichkabinett, Dresden




 

Times of Day: Evening

1805
Copper engraving, 712 x 475 mm
Staatliches Kupferstichkabinett, Dresden




 

Study to the Morning

c. 1809
Drawing
Staatliche Museen, Berlin




 

Colour Spheres

1809
Copper engraving with watercolour, 225 x 189 mm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg
 

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