(b Lyon, 12 June 1776; d Lyon, 19 March 1842).
French painter and collector. He entered the Ecole de Dessin in Lyon
around 1791 as a pupil of Alexis Grognard (1752–1840). He then
became a designer in a wallpaper factory. In 1795 he began working
in Jacques-Louis David’s studio, where, with Fleury Richard, Comte
Auguste de Forbin, François-Marius Granet and Louis Ducis, he
belonged to what David’s pupils called the ‘parti aristocratique’.
In 1800 he published with Forbin, who remained a friend, a comedy
that was performed at the Théâtre du Vaudeville, Sterne à Paris,
ou le voyageur sentimental. In 1802, on the occasion of the
laying of the first stone of the Place Bellecoeur in Lyon by the
First Consul, Révoil executed a large and elaborately allegorical
drawing, Bonaparte Rebuilding the Town of Lyon (preparatory
drawings, Paris, Louvre, and Lyon, Mus. B.-A.), which was the basis
for a painting exhibited in the Salon of 1804 (destr. by the artist,
1816). During the same period he composed a number of religious
paintings, for example In Honour of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
and Christ on the Cross (both Lyon, St Nizier). In 1807
Révoil was appointed a teacher in the recently founded Ecole des
Beaux-Arts in Lyon. His teaching was marked by considerable
erudition and contributed to the birth of the ‘Lyon school’, which
came to the fore in the 1820s.