Neoclassicism and Romanticism


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)


Jean-Baptiste Regnault



Jean-Baptiste Regnault

(b Paris, ?17 Oct 1754; d Paris, 12 Nov 1829).

French painter. His first teacher was the history painter Jean Bardin, who took him to Rome in 1768. Back in Paris in 1772, he transferred to the studio of Nicolas-Bernard Lépicié. In 1776 he won the Prix de Rome with Alexander and Diogenes (Paris, Ecole N. Sup. B.-A.) and returned to Rome, where he was to spend the next four years at the Académie de France in the company of Jacques-Louis David and Jean-François-Pierre Peyron. While witnessing at first hand Peyron’s development of a manner indebted to Poussin and David’s conversion to Caravaggesque realism, Regnault inclined first towards a Late Baroque mode in a Baptism of Christ (untraced; recorded in two sketches and an etching), then, in Perseus Washing his Hands (1779; Louisville, KY, Speed A. Mus.), to the static Neo-classicism of Anton Raphael Mengs. Until 1787 he would sign his pictures Renaud de Rome, to disassociate himself from the mannered taste of French painting before the time of David.



The Descent from the Cross
Oil on canvas, 425 x 233 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris


The Three Graces


Dibutades Tracing the Portrait of a Shepherd
Oil on canvas, 120 x 140 cm
Musée National du Château, Versailles


Education of Achilles


La toilette de Venus


Le deluge


Socrate arrachant Alcibiade du sein de la Volupté


Cupid and Psyche


The Genius of France between Liberty and Death
Oil on canvas, 60 x 49 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg

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