Neoclassicism and Romanticism

 


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)



 




Jacques-Louis David




 

see also:

W. Shakespeare "Hamlet" illustration from Eugene Delacroix



 


Jacques-Louis David

(b Paris, 30 Aug 1748; d Brussels, 29 Dec 1825).

French painter and draughtsman. He was the most prominent and influential painter of the Neo-classical movement in France. In the 1780s he created a style of austere and ethical painting that perfectly captured the moral climate of the last years of the ancien régime. Later, as an active revolutionary, he put his art at the service of the new French Republic and for a time was virtual dictator of the arts. He was imprisoned after the fall from power of Maximilien de Robespierre but on his release became captivated by the personality of Napoleon I and developed an Empire style in which warm Venetian colour played a major role. Following the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1816, David went into exile in Brussels, where he continued to paint but was regarded as something of an anachronism. He had a huge number of pupils, and his influence was felt (both positively and negatively) by the majority of French 19th-century painters. He was a revolutionary artist in both a technical and a political sense. His compositional innovations effected a complete rupture with Rococo fantasy; he is considered the greatest single figure in European painting between the late Rococo and the Romantic era.
 

 

Christ on the Cross

1782
Oil on canvas, 276 x 188 cm
Church of St Vincent, Mâcon



 


Self-Portrait

c. 1790
Oil on canvas, 63 x 52 cm
Pushkin Museum, Moscow



 


Andromache Mourning Hector

1783
Oil on canvas, 275 x 203 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris



 

Portrait of Doctor Alphonse Leroy

1783
Oil on canvas, 72 x 91 cm
Musée Fabre, Montpellier


 

The Oath of the Horatii

1784
Oil on canvas, 330 x 425 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris



 

The Oath of the Horatii
(detail)
1784
Oil on canvas
Musée du Louvre, Paris



 

The Oath of the Horatii
(detail)
1784
Oil on canvas
Musée du Louvre, Paris



 

The Loves of Paris and Helen

1788
Oil on canvas, 144 x 180 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris



 

The Death of Socrates

1787
Oil on canvas, 130 x 196 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York



 

Portrait of Antoine-Laurent and Marie-Anne Lavoisier

1788
Oil on canvas, 256 x 195 cm
Metropolitan Musuem of Art, New York



 

The Lictors Returning to Brutus the Bodies of his Sons

1789
Oil on canvas, 323 x 422 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris
 

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