The Baroque Era





17th to mid-18th century




(Classical Music Map)


 

I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
 
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz
 







Georg Philipp Telemann




(1681-1767)



 

Telemann was born in Magdeburg in Germany into a family with strong links with the clergy. He received no specific musical education, yet by the age often had learned to play the keyboard, flute, violin, and zither; by the time he was 12 he had even written an opera. Unimpressed, his mother confiscated his instruments and sent him away to school. There, fortunately, the superintendent was a music theorist, and for the next four years Telemann outwardly continued to please his family with formal studies while at the same time developing his understanding of musical composition.

His education progressed to the Gymnasium Andreanum in Hildesheim, where he was again lucky in finding a teacher who encouraged him to compose music for school dramas and for the local Catholic church. After a spell at Leipzig University studying law, Telemann settled in Leipzig and wrote a psalm setting, which was performed at the Thomaskirche and led to an invitation from the mayor to compose a cantata for every second Sunday. This annoyed the new Cantor at the church, who tried to curb Telemann's increasing influence; but it was not long before the commissions were requested for every Sunday.

In 1702 the young composer founded the Collegium Musicum, with which he staged regular concerts. The same year he was appointed musical director of the Leipzig Opera and started to compose operas, giving roles to some of his students. When a new organ was installed in the University church he offered his Collegium Musicum to provide sacred music on feast days.

Telemann left Leipzig in 1705 and briefly held the position of Kapellmeister to Count Erdmann II of Promnitz in Sorau (now Poland), composing courtly music in the style of Lully at the Count's request. In 1708 he became Konzcrtmeister to the Eisenach Court, leading the court orchestra and writing cantatas and instrumental music. He took up a post in Frankfurt in 1712 and two years later married the daughter of a Frankfurt council clerk, with whom he raised ten children.

In 1721 Telemann was appointed Cantor of the Hamburg Johanneum, and eventually became Music Director of the Hamburg Opera. He increased the city's musical activity by mounting a series of concerts and operas, including works by Handel. During this period he composed his three collections of Tafelmusik (Table Music). As the name suggests, these pieces were to be played as accompaniment to banquets in noble and middleclass circles. Each set begins with a French-style overture, followed by a sequence of melodic pieces which could be played in any order.

Over the years, Telemann's energy declined; but towards the end of his life, encouraged by Handel — who was a friend of some 50 years' standing — he turned to writing oratorios, a genre m which he had previously shown little interest. In the course of seven years, from 1755 to 1762, he wrote six oratorios, including in 1762 Der Tag des Gerichrs (The Day of Judgment). These, together with his vast output of 600 Italian overtures, as well as 47 concertos for solo instruments (21 for violin) and 40 operas, comfortably ensure his enduring reputation.

 




Georg Philipp Telemann



Telemann

 

Georg Philipp Telemann (1681-1767)
 

REPRESENTATIVE WORKS

 

Suite 3  in D major "Table Music Suite 2" for Trumpet, 2 Oboes and String
(Camerata Romana, conducted by Eugen Duvier) - complete

Overture: Lentement, vite
Air: Tempo giusto

Air: Vivace
Air: Presto

Air: Allegro
Allegro
Conclusion: Adagio-Allegro
 
  Tafelmusik
  Violin concertos
  Overture: Suite in G
  Burlesque de Don Quichotte
  Essercizii musici
  Paris quartets
  Der Tag des Gerichts
   

 


Andrea Pozzo
(1642-1709)

 

 

Albinoni

Allegri

Arne

Bach

Carissimi

Charpentier

Corelli

Couperin

Handel

Lully

Monteverdi

Pachelbel

Purcell

Rameau

Scarlatti

Schutz

Telemann

Vivaldi

 

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