The Romantic Legacy




late nineteenth to early twentieth century





(Classical Music Map)



 

I. History of Classical Music  (by John Stanley)
The great composers and their masterworks in MP3 format
 
Albeniz Borodin Donizetti Hindemith Prokofiev Schutz
Albinoni Brahms Dowland Janacek Puccini Scriabin
Allegri Britten Dvorak Kodaly Purcell Sibelius
Arne Bruckner Falla Leoncavallo Rachmaninov Smetana
Auber Busoni Field Liszt Rameau Strauss J.S.
Bach Byrd Gabrieli Lully Ravel Strauss R.
Barber Carissimi Gershwin Mahler Respighi Stravinsky
Bartok Charpentier Gesualdo Mendelssohn Rimsky-Korsakov Tallis
Beethoven Cherubini Glinka Meyerbeer Rossini Tchaikovsky
Bellini Chopin Gluck Monteverdi Saint-Saens Telemann
Bernstein Clementi Gounod Mozart Scarlatti Verdi
Berwald Corelli Grieg Mussorgsky Schoenberg Victoria
Berlioz Couperin Handel Pachelbel Shostakovich Villa-Lobos
Bizet Debussy Haydn Paganini Schubert Vivaldi
Boccherini Delibes Hildegard Palestrina Schumann Wagner
Orff  "Carmina Burana"
II. History of Jazz
 







Edvard Grieg





(1843-1907)




 

Edvard Grieg, born in Bergen, Norway, received music lessons from his mother at the age of six. In 1853 he was sent to the Leipzig Conservatoire where he studied piano and composition. He did not enjoy life at the Conservatoire; in 1860 he had to take time off after suffering a violent attack of pleurisy that left him with recurring respiratory troubles. He returned to Norway in 1862 and the following year travelled to Copenhagen m order to forge a career as a pianist. There he met his cousin and future-wife, Nina Hayerup.

At this time Norwegian culture was heavily overshadowed by Danish influence. As Grieg grew older, however, he became increasingly conscious of the musical potential of his own country's folk-culture and began to promote Norwegian nationalism by writing pieces based on traditional popular music.

In 1867 he produced his first set of miniature pieces for piano, the Lyric pieces, which consists of eight short movements in contrasting moods. Over the course of his life he wrote nine further collections under the same title, each gathering together between six and eight short but beautifully constructed movements of an individual character. The following year Grieg finished what has become one of his best-known pieces, the Piano concerto in A minor. It is a striking and technically demanding work that retains much of its original freshness even today.

Grieg started work on the suite Peer Gynt when the playwright Ibsen asked him to provide music for his play of that name. The first performance m 1 876 was a resounding success and made Grieg into a national figure overnight. In the same year he attended and thoroughly enjoyed the first performance of Wagner's cycle of four operas, Der Ring des Nibelungen (The ring cycle). Yet musically the two composers could not be further apart: Wagner produced colossal pieces lasting over tour hours while Grieg concentrated on concise and beautiful miniatures.

In 1884 Grieg accepted a commission to write a piece to commemorate the bicentenary of the birth of the Norwegian philosopher and playwright, Ludvig Holberg. The resulting Holberg suite is a five-movement piece for piano written in the manner of an eighteenth-century dance suite. Several months later he arranged it for string orchestra, in which form the lyrical and graceful music has become popular.

By 1885 Grieg had established a considerable reputation. He built himself a house at Troldhaugen, where he lived for the rest of his life. Over the next 20 years he managed to establish a pattern of composing in the spring and early summer, fitting in a walking holiday in late summer and then spending the autumn and winter on lengthy concert tours. The impulse to travel never left him and even in his final years he continued with gruelling concert schedules around Europe. In the last year of his life he visited Berlin and Kiel; he was making plans to leave for England when he was taken ill and died. He was buried near his house in the wall of a cliff which overhangs a fjord.

Grieg shied away from the larger forms of musical expression, such as the symphony and the opera, but in his preferred field - as a miniaturist — he is without equal. His music, highly individual and with a nationalist flavour, has almost universal appeal.

 





Edvard Grieg



Grieg

 

Edvard Grieg (1843-1907)


REPRESENTATIVE WORKS

 

Valeria Walewska
Piano concerto Op.16 in A minor
Allegro molto moderato
Adagio
Allegro moderato
Erik Helling
Piano Sonata in E minor Op.7
Allegro moderato
Andante molto
Alla menuetto
Finale: Molto allegro
K.E. Jensen
Funeral March
(in memory of Rikard Nordraak)
 
C. Breemer
Norwegian Dances and Folk Song, Op.17


1  - Springdans (Folk Dance)
2  - Ungersvennen (The Young Man)
3  - Springdans (Folk Dance)
4  - Niels Tallefjoren
5  - Jölstring (Dance From Jölster)
6  - Brurelat (Wedding Song)
7  - Halling (National Dance)
8  - Grisen (The Pig)
9  - Nar mitt oye (Religious Song)
10 - Friervise (Wooer's Song)
11 - Kjempevise (Heroic Ballad)
12 - Solfager og ormekongen (Solfager And The Snake-King)
13 - Reiselat (Travel Song)
14 - Jeg sjunger med sorrigfullt hjerte (I Sing With A Sorrowful Heart)
15 - Den siste Lordagskvelden (Last Saturday Evening)
16 - Eg veit ei lita Jente (I Know A Little Maiden)
17 - Kleggen og Fluga (The Horsefly And The Fly)
18 - Stabbelaten (Peasant Dance)
19 - Hölje Dale (The High Valley)
20 - Halling (National Dance)
21 - Saebygga (The Woman From Setestal)
22 - Kulokk (Cow Call)
23 - Sag du nokke te kjerringa mi (Have You By Chance Seen My Wife)
24 - Brurelat (Wedding Song)
25 - Rabnabryllup (The Raven's Wedding)
J. Wallaart, K.E. Jensen, E. Helling, G. Alianello
Lyric Pieces ("Lyrische Stucke")
Book I, Op.12
Arietta

Folk Song
Norwegian Melody

Book III, Op.43
Butterfly
Lonely Wanderer
To Spring
Book IV, Op.47
Melodie
Book V, Op.54
Norwegian Peasant's March
Notturno
Bell Ringing
Book VIII, Op.65
From Early Years
Peasant's Song
Melancholy
Ballade

Wedding-day at Troldhaugen
Book X, Op.71
Puck

C. Breemer
Slatter (Norwegian Peasant Dances) Op. 72
Giboens Brautmarsch
John Wastafa's Springtanz
Brautmarsch aus Telemarken
Halling aus dem Hugel
Der Prillar aus dem Kirchspiel Os
Getretener Tanz (nach "dem Muller")
Halling aus dem Hallingtal
Brautmarsch (nach "dem Muller")
Nils Rekve's Halling

Knut Lurasens Halling I

Kaila Rochelle
Peer Gynt Suite No. 1, Op46
Anitra's Dance

Hall of the Mountain King

 

Peer Gynt, Incidental Music op.23
Robin Alciatore
Solveig's Song

Eichstatter Domchor
Ave, maris stella

 

 

 


Claude
Monet

 

 

Albeniz

Busoni

Debussy

Delibes

Dvorak

Falla

Grieg

Leoncavallo

Mahler

Puccini

Ravel

Saint-Saens

Scriabin

Sibelius

Smetana

 

Strauss Richard

 

 

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