History of Literature








English literature

 


 


Thomas Sprat



Frontispiece to A History of the Royal Society, showing the
crowning of King Charles II. Sir Francis Bacon is shown on the right;
the president of the Society is on the left


born 1635, Beaminster, Dorset, Eng.
died May 20, 1713, Bromley, Kent

English man of letters, bishop of Rochester and dean of Westminster. A prose stylist, wit, and founding member and historian of the Royal Society, he is chiefly remembered for his influence on language reform and for his biography of the poet Abraham Cowley. Sprat was educated at Wadham College, Oxford, a centre of scientific learning in the 17th century. In his History of the Royal Society of London (1667), a propagandist defense rather than a factual account of the new scientific society, he criticizes the “inkhorn terms” (learned jargon) and sonorous stylistic swellings of Restoration prose. He advocated the return to the style of a simpler age.

Sprat was the close friend and literary executor of Cowley, and his An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. Abraham Cowley (1668) was the first biography of a writer attempting to show the interrelation between the poet’s life and personality and his works. Although he referred to the charm and interest of Cowley’s letters, he considered it an impropriety to publish them and presumably destroyed them.
 

 

 
 
 
 

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