Developments in the 19th Century

 



Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map



 




The Birth of Realism


 




Jean-Francois Millet


 


 

Jean-Francois Millet

born Oct. 4, 1814, Gruchy, near Gréville, Fr.
died Jan. 20, 1875, Barbizon


French painter renowned for his peasant subjects.

Millet spent his youth working on the land, but by the age of 19 he was studying art in Cherbourg. In 1837 he arrived in Paris and eventually enrolled in the studio of Paul Delaroche, where he seems to have remained until 1839.

After the rejection of one of his entries for the Salon of 1840, Millet returned to Cherbourg, where he remained during mostof 1841, painting portraits. He achieved his first success in 1844 with “The Milkmaid” and a large pastel, “The Riding Lesson,” that has a sensual character typical of a large part of his production during the 1840s.

The peasant subjects, which from the early 1850s were to be Millet's principal concern, made their first important appearance at the Salon of 1848 with “The Winnower,” later destroyed by fire. In 1849, after a period of great hardship, Millet left Paris to settle in Barbizon, a small hamlet in the forest of Fontainebleau. He continued to exhibit paintings of peasants, and, as a result, periodically faced the charge of being a socialist. Letters of the period defending Millet's position underline the fundamentally classical nature of his approach to painting.

By the mid-1860s, Millet's work was beginning to be in demand; official recognition came in 1868, after nine major paintings had been shown at the exposition of 1867. Important collections of Millet's pictures are to be found in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and in the Louvre.

 



 


Peasand spreading manure
 


 


Woman Sewing by Lamplight



 


Landscape with Two Peasant Women



 

Autumn landscape with a flock of Turkeys



 

Vert Vert, the Nun's Parrot



 

Harvesters Resting



 

Haystacks : Autumn



 

The Bouquet of Daisies



 

Garden Scene



 

The Sheep Meadow, Moonlight



 

The Church of Greville
 

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