Developments in the 19th Century

 



Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map



 



The Birth of Realism


 




Franz von Lenbach



 


 
Franz von Lenbach

(b Schrobenhausen, 13 Dec 1836; d Munich, 6 May 1904).

German painter. The son of a master builder, he trained for his father’s profession at the Königliche Landwirtschafts- und Gewerbeschule in Landshut, also working from 1851 in the sculpture studio of Anselm Sickinger (1807–73) in Munich. His elder brother, Karl August Lenbach (1828–47), had already become involved with painting, and it was through him that Franz Lenbach met Johann Baptist Hofner (1832–1913), an artist who had studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich. They went on sketching expeditions together, and Hofner introduced him to plein-air painting. After spending two semesters at the Polytechnische Schule in Augsburg (1852–3), and some months in the studio of Albert Gräfle (1807–89), a portrait painter in Munich, Lenbach entered the Akademie in Munich in 1854. In 1857 he attended the classes of Karl Theodor Piloty (later von Piloty), who was renowned for his history paintings. Lenbach produced his first important painting, the Angel Appearing to Hagar in the Desert (1858; destr.), while in this class, followed by Peasants Trying to Take Shelter from a Thunderstorm in a Chapel (1858; destr.; oil sketch, Schweinfurt, Samml. Schäfer). The sale of this picture, together with a scholarship, enabled him to accompany Piloty on a journey to Rome with Ferdinand von Piloty (1828–95), Theodor Schüz (1830–1900) and Carl Ebert (1821–85). In Italy he made many oil and pencil sketches that inspired the Arch of Titus (1860; Budapest, Mus. F.A.) and the Shepherd Boy (1860; Munich, Schack-Gal.), both of which were finished after his return to Germany.

 




 

Marion Lenbach, the Artist's Daughter
 


 


Marion Lenbach, the Artist's Daughter



 


Portrait Of A Lady Wearing A Black Coat With Fur Collar



 

A shepherd boy



 

Portrait Of An Elegant Lady In Rubenesque Costume



 

Portrait of Prince Rudolf von Liechtenstein




 

Lily Merk



 

Lily Merk
 

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