Gothic Era


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Nicolas Froment


 
 
 

 

 
Nicolas Froment
 

( fl c. 1460; d before 23 Dec 1484).
French painter and draughtsman. Although first mentioned in Uzes (Languedoc) in 1465, he probably originated from Artois or Picardy, where he acquired his early training, subsequently working in the southern Netherlands. His first documented work, signed and dated 18 May 1461, is a triptych of the Raising of Lazarus (Florence, Uffizi). Executed on oak panels, it is distinctive for its grimacing, gesticulating figures and intense realism (e.g. the prominent fly on the tablecloth). It is painted in a style largely dependent on Rogier van der Weyden and Dieric Bouts, but also on the illuminator Loyset Liedet and other artists at the court of Burgundy whose work was of a graphic nature. The figure at the far left in the central panel may be a self-portrait of Froment. The altarpiece was commissioned by Francesco Coppini, Bishop of Terni and Papal Legate, who is depicted on the exterior of the wings praying to the Virgin. The prelate, who was recorded in the southern Netherlands in 1459–62, probably ordered the triptych as a political gift for Cosimo de’ Medici. The latter, in turn, presented the work in 1462–3 to the Franciscan convent of Bosco ai Frati, Mugello. To Froment’s period in the southern Netherlands have also been ascribed, in collaboration with Jacques Daret of Tournai, cartoons for tapestries produced in 1460 for Guillaume de Hellande, Bishop of Beauvais (Beauvais Cathedral; Boston, MA, Mus. F.A.; Paris, Mus. Cluny). Attributable to Froment and in a related style are a Mourning Virgin, a fragment on oak of a larger panel (USA, priv. col.), and a drawing with the upper part of a Transfiguration (Berlin, Kupferstichkab.).


         

 


The Burning Bush

1476
Cathedrale Saint Sauveur, Aix-en-Provence
 

 


The Burning Bush (detail)

1476
Cathedrale Saint Sauveur, Aix-en-Provence
 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Triptych

1461
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
 

 

 

   

 
 

Triptych
The Raising of Lazarus

1461
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
 

 

 

 

Matheron Diptych

1474
Musee du Louvre, Paris
 

 

 
 

Triptychon vom Brennenden Dornbusch
linker und rechter Flügel, Szenen: Portrat des Konig Rene von Anjou und seiner Gemahlin Jeanne de Laval
1475-1476
 

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