The High Renaissance
 
&

Mannerism


 

 
 

 

Joachim Wtewael

 

 

Joachim Wtewael

(b Utrecht, 1566; d Utrecht, 1 Aug 1638).

Dutch painter and draughtsman. He was one of the last exponents of MANNERISM. From c. 1590 until 1628, the year of his latest known dated paintings, he employed such typical Mannerist formal devices as brilliant decorative colour, contrived spatial design and contorted poses. He sometimes combined such artifice with naturalism, and this amalgam represents the two approaches Dutch 16th- and 17th-century theorists discussed as uyt den geest (‘from the imagination’) and naer ’t leven (‘after life’). Wtewael’s activity reflects the transition from Mannerism to a more naturalistic style in Dutch art. Slightly over 100 of his paintings and about 80 drawings are known. Subjects from the Bible and mythology predominate; he also painted several portraits, including a Self-portrait (1601; Utrecht, Cent. Mus.).

 


Mars and Venus Discovered by the Gods

1603-04
Oil on copper, 20,2 x 15,5 cm
Private collection

 


Mars and Venus Discovered by the Gods (detail)
1603-04
Private collection




 

Charity

1627
Oil on oak panel, 83 x 73 cm
Private collection



 

The Judgment of Paris

1615
Wood, 60 x 79 cm
National Gallery, London



 

Kitchen Scene

1605
Oil on canvas, 65 x 98 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin
 
 

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