The Early Renaissance


   

 


Fra Filippo Lippi
 
 
 

 

Fra Filippo Lippi

(b Florence, c. 1406; d Spoleto, 9 Oct 1469).

He was one of the leading painters in Renaissance Florence in the generation following Masaccio. Influenced by him in his youth, Filippo developed a linear, expressive style, which anticipated the achievements of his pupil Botticelli. Lippi was among the earliest painters indebted to Donatello. His mature works are some of the first Italian paintings to be inspired by the realistic technique (and occasionally by the compositions) of Netherlandish pioneers such as Rogier van der Weyden and Jan van Eyck. Beginning work in the late 1430s, Lippi won several important commissions for large-scale altarpieces, and in his later years he produced two fresco cycles that (as Vasari noted) had a decisive impact on 16th-century cycles. He produced some of the earliest autonomous portrait paintings of the Renaissance, and his smaller-scale Virgin and Child compositions are among the most personal and expressive of that era. Throughout most of his career he was patronized by the powerful Medici family and allied clans. The operation of his workshop remains a matter of conjecture.

 

 


Madonna and Child Enthroned with Two Angels

c. 1437
Tempera and gold on wood transferred from wood; arched top: 122,6 x 62,9 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
 

 

 


Madonna and Child with Saints and a Worshipper

c. 1437
Panel, 49 x 38 cm
Ptivate collection

 

 

Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints

c. 1430
Panel, 43,7 x 34,3 cm
Museo Diocesano, Empoli
 
 

Madonna of Humility (Trivulzio Madonna)

c. 1430
Panel
Castello Sforzesco, Milan
 
 

Madonna with Child (Tarquinia Madonna)

1437
Tempera on panel, 151 x 66 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome
 
 

The Doctors of the Church

c. 1437
Panel, 129 x 65 cm (each)
Accademina Albertina, Turin
 

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