Baroque and Rococo

 

Baroque and Rococo Art Map




Nicolas Poussin



 

Nicolas Poussin

(b Les Andelys, Normandy, June 1594; d Rome, 19 Nov 1665).

French painter and draughtsman, active in Italy. His supreme achievement as a painter lies in his unrivalled but hard-won capacity to subordinate dramatic narrative and the expression of extreme states of human passions to the formal harmony of designs based on the beauty and precision of abstract forms. The development of his art towards this end was focused on the search for a point of equilibrium and synthesis between the forces of the Classical and the Baroque around which most critical debate in Rome was concentrated during the 1630s. Poussin did not aspire to the classicism of Raphael’s idealized human forms or Michelangelo’s re-embodiment of the physical splendours of the antique world, nor did he attempt to vie with the bravura and energy of Annibale Carracci’s treatment of Classical mythology in the Galleria of the Palazzo Farnese in Rome. Equally he was not concerned with the illusionistic effects and heightened emotionalism of Baroque artists such as Pietro da Cortona and Lanfranco. He was concerned above all with interpreting his subject-matter, whether Classical or religious, and telling a story with the greatest possible concentration of emotional response, transcending any single moment in a narrative sequence but communicating and crystallizing every underlying passion into a comprehensive image. 

 


The Martyrdom of St Erasmus

1628
Oil on canvas, 320 x 186 cm
Pinacoteca, Vatican


 

 


Bacchic Scene

c. 1627
Oil on canvas, 96 x 75 cm
Staatliche Museen, Kassel


 


Apollo and Daphne

1625
Oil on canvas, 97 x 131 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich


 

Bacchanal of Putti

1626
Oil on canvas, 74 x 84 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome


 

Rinaldo and Armida

c. 1625
Oil on canvas, 80 x 107 cm
Dulwich Picture Gallery, London


 

The Victorious David

c. 1627
Oil on canvas, 100 x 130 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid


 

The Death of Germanicus

1627
Oil on canvas, 148 x 198 cm
Minneapolis Institute of Art, Minneapolis


 

Acis and Galatea

c. 1630
Oil on canvas, 97 x 135 cm
National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin


 

Bacchanal: the Andrians

1628-30
Oil on canvas, 121 x 175 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris

 

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