Baroque and Rococo


 

Baroque and Rococo Art Map



 



Bernardo Cavallino

 



 


Bernardo Cavallino



(b
Naples, bapt 25 Aug 1616; d Naples, ?1656).

Italian painter and draughtsman. He was the most individual and most poetic painter active in Naples during the first half of the 17th century. He painted mainly small cabinet pictures, on canvas or on copper, for dealers and for highly cultivated private patrons; he had few public commissions and apparently never painted any large-scale decorations for private or ecclesiastical patrons. His subject-matter is largely derived from the Old and New Testaments, the Apocrypha, Tasso and from Roman history and mythology. Documentary evidence for his life and work is almost non-existent, and he remains enigmatic and elusive as a historical figure. Yet as a painter he is strikingly distinctive, uniting a refinement and virtuosity of brushwork with an intensely naturalistic observation of surfaces, and complex and dramatic compositions with an extraordinary brilliance of palette. Only eight pictures are signed, initialled or inscribed with Cavallino’s name. No works are documented and only five may be tentatively identified with pictures in mid-18th-century Neapolitan collections described by Bernardo de Dominici. A strict chronology cannot be established, yet his accepted works, the attribution of which depends on their distinctive visual qualities, may be grouped as early, mature and late pictures on the basis of style.
 





 

The Blessed Virgin

1650
Oil on canvas, 167 x 118 cm
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan




 

 


Lot and His Daughters
Musee du Louvre, Paris



 


David Playing before Saul
1645
oil on canvas
Art History Museum, Vienna


 

Curacion de Tobias


 

Desposorios de Tobias


 

Martirio de San Esteban


 

The Shade of Samuel Invoked by Saul



 

Lot and his Daughters



 

The Drunkenness of Noah



 

The Ecstasy of St Cecilia

1645
Oil on canvas
Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples



 

St Peter and Cornelius the Centurion

1640s
Oil on canvas, 102 x 127 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome


 

Clavichord Player

Oil on canvas
Musee des Beaux-Arts, Lyon


 

Esther and Ahaseurus

1645-50
Oil on canvas, 75 x 102 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


 

The Virgin Annunciate
1640



 

Adoration of the Shepherds
1650



 

Christ driving the Traders from the Temple
1650



 

Mucius Scaevola Confronting King Porsenna
1650


 

Martyrdom of St Bartholomew
1635
 

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