Altamira. Limestone cave in
Sautander province, northern Spain, where animal paintings of the upper
palaeolithic or leptolithic era were first discovered (1879). A.'s famous
roof frieze of naturalistic bison is now recognized as late Magdalcnian
art с. 10000 BC belonging to the final phase of the ice age
hunting cultures of Western Europe. The paintings are executed in earth colours, mostly blacks and reds, straight on to porous rock; in some cases
one painting is superimposed on another.
Reproduction of cave of Altamira in "Deutsches
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