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Actionismus

Austrian group of performance artists, active in the 1960s. Its principal members were Gunter Brus, Muhl Otto and Herman Nitsch, who first collaborated informally in 1961, and Rudolph Schwarzkogler , who was introduced to the group in 1963. Others associated with the group included Anni Brus, the film maker Kurt Kren, the composer Anetis Logosthetis and the actor Heinz Cibulka. The group were influenced by the work of Adolf Frohner (b 1934), Rainer Arnulf and Alfons Schilling (b 1934), who were all in turn influenced by American action painting and by the gestural painting associated with Tachism. The members of Aktionismus attached significance, however, not so much to the paintings produced by the artist as to the artist as a participant in the process of production, as a witness to creation rather than as a creator. Muhl, Brus and Nitsch all felt drawn to public performances celebrating and investigating artistic creativity by a natural progression from their earlier sculptural or painterly activities. In 1962 Muhl and Nitsch staged their first Aktion or performance, Blood Organ, in the Perinetgasse in Vienna. In 1965 Brus produced the booklet Le Marais to accompany an exhibition of his work at the Galerie Junge Generation, Vienna. Muhl, Nitsch and Schwarzkogler all contributed, referring to themselves as the Wiener Aktionsgruppe.

 


Brus Gunter
Transfusion

 
 

 

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