naturalist and artist who painted from life 435 watercolours of birds,
often in action, which were reproduced in coloured aquatint by Robert
Havell Jr. and publ. in London as The Birds of America (4 vols,
1827—38); only these prints survive. The text, written with the help of
William MacGillivray, was publ. separately as
(5 vols, 1831-9). A.'s paintings have
considerable artistic merit although their scientific accuracy varies.
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