Sculptor born in Kiev. He went to Paris in 1908 and soon made
contact with the Cubists; his work was among the most important in the
development of the new styles in 20th-c. sculpture. From essentially
Cubist premises he evolved new approaches and techniques introducing
(1912), for example, collage in sculpture, i.e. using wood, metal and
glass, etc., on the same work. His Boxers (1913) is an important
landmark in the assimilation by modern sculptors of the vitalist nature of
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