Apollodoros (5th с. вс). Greek
painter famous for panel as opposed to wall paintings and called 'skiagraphos'
('the shadow painter') because he introduced shading into his work to
achieve more naturalistic effects. He also experimented with
Apollodoros worked as
a vase-painter in Athens in the period around 500 B.C. He signed his
name to two cups, and many more have been attributed to him on the basis
of style. He worked in the red-figure technique; like many
vase-painters, he tended to specialize in the decoration of cups.
The process of identifying the work of
Apollodoros shows the difficulties in recognizing the work of ancient
artists. In the early 1900s, scholars distinguished four stylistically
distinct but closely related groups of vases, assigning them the names
Apollodoros, the Epidromos Painter, the Kleomelos Painter, and the
Elpinikos Painter. Scholars were unsure, however, whether these four
groups actually represented the work of four separate individuals or
four different stages in the career of one man. The cup depicting the
Theban Sphinx in the Getty Museum now provides evidence that one
individual made all these vases. This cup combines a kalos inscription
praising the beautiful youth Kleomelos--which had been the defining
feature of the "Kleomelos Painter"--with stylistic features found on the
signed cups of Apollodoros, such as mannered proportions and pose,
extremely slender elongated fingers, and small, deep-set eyes.
Red-figured kylix (Wine Cup)
Fragment with old man dragging
a sacrificial goat attributed to Apollodoros 510-500 BCE
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