Antonio da Sangallo
(1483–1546). Italian architect.
Antonio da Sangallo the Younger (April 12, 1484 – August 3, 1546), born
Antonio Cordiani, was an Italian architect active during the Italian
Sangallo was born in Florence. His
grandfather Francesco Giamberti was a woodworker, and his uncles
Giuliano and Antonio da Sangallo were noted architects of the time.
He went while very young to Rome, and became a pupil
of Bramante, of whose style he was afterwards a close follower. He lived
and worked in Rome during the greater part of his life, and was much
employed by several of the popes. His most perfect existing work is the
brick and travertine church of Santa Maria di Loreto, a building
remarkable for the great beauty of its proportions, and its noble effect
produced with much simplicity. The lower order is square in plan, the
next octagonal; and the whole is surmounted by a fine dome and lofty
lantern. The lantern is, however, a later addition. The interior is very
impressive, considering its very moderate size.
Antonio also carried out the lofty and well-designed
church of San Giovanni dei Fiorentini, which had been begun by Jacopo
Sansovino. The east end of this church rises in a very stately way out
of the bed of the Tiber River, near the bridge of Sant'Angelo; the west
end has been ruined by the addition of a later facade, but the interior
is a noble example of a somewhat dull style. Great skill was shown in
successfully building this large church, partly on the solid ground of
the bank and partly on the shifting sand of the river bed. Antonio also
built the Cappella Paolina and other parts of the Vatican, together with
additions to the walls and forts of the Leonine City. His most ornate
work is the lower part of the cortile of the Farnese Palace, afterwards
completed by Michelangelo, a very rich and well-proportioned specimen of
the then favorite design, a series of arches between engaged columns
supporting an entablature, an arrangement taken from the outside of the
He built a palace for himself on the Via Giulia that
was later bought in 1649 by the Sacchetti family and renamed the Palazzo
Sacchetti. It is still owned by the Sacchetti family but the building
itself has been subject to a number of alterations.
After the Sack of Rome (1527), he mainly worked in
other cities, mainly as military architect: he designed, for example,
the fortifications of Ancona. He also constructed, on commission of pope
Clement VII, the very deep (62 m) and ingenious St. Patrick's rock-cut
well at Orvieto, formed with a double spiral staircase, like the Well of
Saladin in the citadel of Cairo.
He often worked with his brother Giovanni Battista da
Sangallo. The two worked on numerous projects together, Giovanni
Battista responsible for measuring and surveying.