(b Castagno, before
1419; d Florence, bur 19 Aug 1457).
Italian painter. He was the most influential 15th-century Florentine
master, after Masaccio, of the realistic rendering of the figure and the
representation of the human body as a three-dimensional solid by means of
contours. By translating into the terms of painting the statues of the
Florentine sculptors Nanni di Banco and Donatello, Castagno set Florentine
painting on a course dominated by line (the Florentine tradition of
disegno), the effect of relief and the sculptural depiction of the
figure that became its distinctive trait throughout the Italian
Renaissance, a trend that culminated in the art of Michelangelo.
The Youthful David
National Gallery of Art, Washington
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