Spanish painter and illustrator. He studied
at the Real Academia de S Fernando, Madrid, under Juan Antonio Ribera y
Fernández and José de Madrazo y Agudo. He worked independently of court
circles and achieved some fame but nevertheless died in such poverty that
his burial was paid for by friends. He is often described as the last of
the followers of Goya, in whose Caprichos and drawings he found
inspiration for the genre scenes for which he became best known. Of these
scenes of everyday life and customs the more interesting include The
Beating (Madrid, Casón Buen Retiro) and Galician with Puppets (c.
1835; Madrid, Casón Buen Retiro). Alenza y Nieto’s numerous drawings
include the illustrations for Alain-René Lesage’s Gil Blas (Madrid,
1840), for an edition of the poems of Francisco de Quevedo published by
Castello and for the reviews Semanario pintoresco and El Reflejo.
The painting Triumph of David (1842; Madrid, Real Acad. S Fernando,
Mus.) led to his election as an Académico de mérito at the Real
Academia de S Fernando in 1842, and he produced such portraits as that of
Alejandro de la Pena (Madrid, Real Acad. S Fernando, Mus.) and a
Self-portrait (Madrid, Casón Buen Retiro). His two canvases entitled
Satire on Romantic Suicide (Madrid, Mus. Romántico) are perhaps the
most characteristic of his works.
Muerte de Daoiz y Velarde en el parque de artilleria de Monteleon
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