(b Tulln an der Donau, nr Vienna, 12 June 1890; d Vienna,
31 Oct 1918).
Austrian painter, draughtsman and printmaker. He is, with Oskar Kokoschka,
one of the major figures of Austrian EXPRESSIONISM, in spite of the
brevity of his artistic career, which lasted only about ten years. While
remaining faithful to the initial influences on his work of the Vienna
Secession and in particular of the art of Gustav Klimt, he developed a
highly personal and expressive style and introduced psychologically and
sexually intense subject-matter that was radical in its subjectivity and
highly influential on later generations of artists.