Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century Art Map



 




Roland Penrose



 


 

Roland Penrose

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

Sir Roland Penrose (1900-1984)  was an English artist, historian and poet. He was a major promoter and collector of modern art and an associate of the surrealists in the United Kingdom.

Penrose's father, James Doyle Penrose, was a successful portrait painter and his mother, Elizabeth Josephine Peckover, was the daughter of Lord Peckover, a wealthy Quaker banker. Roland grew up in a strict Quaker family in Watford and attended Leighton Park School, Reading, Berkshire. After studying Architecture at Cambridge, Penrose switched to painting and moved to France where he lived from 1922 and married his first wife the poet Valentine Boue. During this period he became friends with Picasso and Max Ernst, who would have the strongest influence on his work and most of the leading Surrealists.

Penrose returned to London in 1936 and was one of the organisers of the London International Surrealist Exhibition, which led to the establishment of the English surrealist movement. Penrose settled in Hampstead where he was the centre of the community of avant-garde British artist and emigres that settled there and opened the London Gallery on Cork Street where he promoted the Surrealists as well as friends Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, Ben Nicholson and Naum Gabo. Penrose commissioned a sculpture from Moore for his Hampstead House that became the focus of a press campaign against abstract art. In 1938, Penrose organised a tour of Picasso's Guernica that raised funds for the Republican Government in Spain. Penrose and Boue's marriage had broken down in 1934 and by 1939 Penrose had begun his relationship with Lee Miller. As a Quaker, Penrose was a pacifist but after the outbreak of World War II volunteered as an air-raid warden and then taught Camouflage at the Home Guard training centre at Osterley Park and wrote the Home Guard Manual of Camouflage.This led to Penrose being commissioned as a Captain in the Royal Engineering Corps and working as Senior Lecturer at the Eastern Command Camouflage School in Norwich. Penrose was also influential in securing passage from Europe for many artists and finding them work and accommodation in England or onward travel to the US including Kurt Schwitters and Dalí.

After the war, he co-founded the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in London, with the art critic and writer Sir Herbert Read in 1947. Penrose organised the first two ICA exhibitions 40 Years of Modern Art that included many key works of Cubism and 40,000 Years of Modern Art which reflected his interest in African Sculpture. Penrose was a presence at the ICA for 30 years. He produced a number of books, which cover the works of his friends Pablo Picasso, Max Ernst, Joan Miró, Man Ray and Antoni Tŕpies. He was also a trustee of the Tate Gallery organising a survey of Picasso's work there in 1960 and using his contacts to negotiate purchases of works by Picasso and the Surrealists at discounted prices.

Penrose and Miller bought Farley Farm in East Sussex in 1949 where he displayed his valuable collection of modern art in particular the Surrealists and works by Picasso. Penrose also designed the landscaping around the house as a setting for works of modern sculpture. In 1972, thieves broke into his country house stealing a number of works and then demanded a ransom. The trustees of the Tate Gallery agreed to loan Penrose the funds to pay the ransom on the condition he promised works to the collection.

 

 

Roland Penrose acting, as an undergraduate.


 Lee Miller
Man Ray and Roland Penrose.
 Los Angeles 1946


 

La Mediterranee, Etude Artistique
1937


 

Untitled

1937


 

La Fornarina Visits London

1982


 


Collage


 


Collage


 

Collage


 

Collage


 

The Last Voyage of Captain Cook
1936


 

Bust on table, still life with shells and mirror


 

Sand Prints
1938


 

Lee Miller, Cote d'Azur, France


 

Valentine Penrose
1934


 

Paul Eluard and Elt Mesens, having a conversation wearing masks


 

Pablo Picasso with a cat
1936


 

Paul Eluard and Picasso
1936


 

Ady Fidelin, Lee Miller and Nusch Eluard
1937


 

Picnic, Lee Miller in a hat
1937


 

Lee Miller, smoking
1937


 

Max Ernst and seaweed


 

Lee Miller, Paul and Nusch Eluard
1937


 

Picasso and Dora Maar
1937


 

Nusch Eluard, swimming
1937


 

Lee Miller, hanging out of the window
1937


 

Man Ray in a boat
1937


 

Candyshop
1937



 

Shop window, with a reflection of the harbour
1937



 

Children on the pier with buoys


 

Statue of Mehmet Ali
1938



 

Sailing boats in the harbour
1937



 

Children Dancing
1938



 

Lee Miller looking at her camera, with Romanian gypsies
1938



 

Lee Miller on a mule
1938


 

Rock Pillar
1938



 

Wooden Building
1938



 

The Hornblower
1938



 

Clouds
1938



 

Harbour scene, taken from above
1937



 

Shadows of a man and donkey Egypt
1938


 

Amphitheatre
1938



 

Pier with buoys


 

Four Women Asleep
(
left to right Lee Miller, Leonora Carrington, Ady Fidelin and Nusch Eluard)
1954


 


Night and Day

 



 


Converstion between Rock and Flower


Self portrait

 



 


The Real Woman


Magnetic Moths
1938



 


Winged Domino: Portrait of Valentine
1938

 



 


Seeing is Believing


Ox Cart
1932

 



 


Nourishment from Heaven
1937


The Nile
1939

 



 


Eclipse of the Pyramid1929


Octavia (Also entitled Aurelia)
1939

 



 


Good shooting (Also entitled Bien Vise)


Black Music
1940

 



 


First View


The Flight of Flies

 



 


Don’t You Hate Having Two Heads?


The Conquest of the Air'

 



 


The Flight of Time
1949


Stricken Oak I
1952



 


The Third Eye or The Eye of The Storm


The Last One (Seychelles)
1984



 

 


Hommage a Man Ray


Man and Woman



 

 


Trouville


A Diane. Souvenir de Trouville




 

Poster for RP Retro Exhibition at ICA
1980
 

Discuss Art

Please note: site admin does not answer any questions. This is our readers discussion only.

 
| privacy