Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 




August
Macke





 


 

August Macke
 

(b Meschede, Westphalia, 3 Jan 1887; d nr Perthes-les-Hurlus, Champagne, 26 Sept 1914).
German painter. He began his artistic training in autumn 1904 at the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf, but he was far more interested by the instruction at the Kunstgewerbeschule, run by Peter Behrens, where he attended evening courses given by the German printmaker Fritz Helmuth Ehmcke (1878–1965). Friendship with the playwrights of the Düsseldorfer Theater, Wilhelm Schmidtbonn and Herbert Eulenberg, awakened Macke’s interest in the stage. With the German sculptor Claus Cito, he developed designs for stage sets, including those for a production of Macbeth, which led to an offer by the theatre to employ him, but Macke turned it down. In April 1905 Macke travelled with Walter Gerhardt, his future wife Elizabeth Gerhardt’s brother, to northern Italy and Florence. His drawings of this period reveal freshness and a receptive sensibility. In July 1906 he travelled to the Netherlands and Belgium with Schmidtbonn, Eulenberg and Cito, continuing on with Schmidtbonn to London, where he visited the city’s museums. In November 1906 he broke off his studies at the academy. After encountering French Impressionism on a trip to Paris in summer 1907, Macke began to paint in this manner; in autumn of that year he went to Berlin to join the studio of the German painter Lovis Corinth. However, work in the studio, and Corinth’s way of suggesting corrections, did not suit Macke’s temperament, nor did the city’s oppressive atmosphere. He returned to Bonn in early 1908. His future wife’s family provided him with the means for further travel, first to Italy and then together with his wife and her uncle Bernhard Koehler, who later became his patron, to Paris. Through Koehler he gained an insight into the art market in Paris and became acquainted with Ambroise Vollard. In 1908–9 Macke discharged himself from his one-year military service. Once again in Paris on his honeymoon in 1909, he met Louis Moilliet and, through him, Karl Hofer.

 




 
 

 

 


Self-Portrait
1906


 


Self-Portrait with Hat
1909


 


Ballet ruso


 

Nina rubia con muneca


 

Mujer leyendo en un sillon rojo


 

Mujer bordando en el sillon: retrato de la mujer del artista


 

Portrait with Apples: Wife of the Artist
1909


 

The Mackes' Garden at Bonn
1911


 

Paisaje de Tegernsee con hombre leyendo y perro


 

Casa de Staudach en Tegernsee


 

Portrait of Franz Marc
1910


 

Nude with Coral Necklace
1910


 


Portrait of the Artist's wife Elisabeth with a Hat
1909


 


 Elisabeth Gerhardt Sewing
1909


 


Portrait of Bernhard Koehler
1910


 


Farmboy from Tegernsee
1910



Our Street in Gray
1911


 


St. Mary's in the Snow
1911



Sitting Nude with Cushions
1911
 

 

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