Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 






El Lissitzky




 


 

El Lissitzky

born Nov. 10 [Nov. 22, New Style], 1890, Pochinok, near Smolensk, Russia
died Dec. 30, 1941, Moscow


byname of Eliezer, or Elizar, Lissitzky, Russian in full Lazar Markovich Lisitsky Russian painter, typographer, and designer, a pioneer of nonrepresentational art in the early 20th century. His innovationsin typography, advertising, and exhibition design were particularly influential.

Lissitzky studied architecture at Darmstadt, Ger., and, during World War I, at Moscow. In 1919 Marc Chagall appointed him teacher at the revolutionary school of art in Vitebsk. Kasimir Malevich, the painter and founder of the Suprematist movement, which advocated the supremacy of pure geometric form over representation, also taught there, and he greatly influenced Lissitzky. In 1919 Lissitzky began to work on a series of abstract geometric paintings that he named “Proun,” an acronym for the Russian words translated as “Projects for the Affirmation of the New.” These paintings were a major contribution to the Constructivist art movement. In 1921 he became professor at the state art school in Moscow, but he left his country at year's end, when the Soviet government turned against modern art. He went to Germany, where he met the artist-designer László Moholy-Nagy, who transmitted Lissitzky's ideas on art to western Europe and the United States through his teaching at the Bauhaus.

Between 1925 and 1928 Lissitzky lived in Hannover, where he cofounded a number of periodicals propagating the most progressive artistic tendencies of the 1920s. In the winter of 1928–29 he returned to Moscow, where he continued to be aninnovative force. His experiments in spatial construction led him to devise new techniques in exhibiting, printing, photomontage, and architecture, which have had much influence in western Europe.

 

 

Composicion
1922



 

Proun 19D
1922


 

Proun 5 A



 

Proun 4 B



 

Proun G7
1923


 


Proun 12E


Proun 2C



 

Sin titulo



 

Pagina doble del volumen de poemas de Vladimir Maiakovski "Dlia golosa"


 

Layout Layout for Vladimir Mayakovsky



 

The First Kestner Portfolio


 

Dlia golosa



 

Vladimir Maiakovskii, "Misteriia" ili "Buff" by R. V. Ivanov-Razumnik
1922


 

Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge


 

Veshch, no. 1-2
1922


 

Kurt Schwitters
1924


 

Broom, vol. 4, no. 3 and vol. 5, no. 4
1923


 

Zapiski poeta. Povest' by Il'ia Sel'vinskii
1928


 

Amerika. Die Stilbildung des neuen Bauens in den Vereinigten Staaten
(Neues Bauen in der Welt. Band 2.) by Richard Neutra
1930


 

Frankreich. Die Entwicklung der neuen Ideen nach Konstruktion und Form
(Neues Bauen in der Welt. Band 3.), vol. 3 by Roger Ginburger
1930


 

Tsu shpet. Einakter by S. Viktim
1921


 

Di hun vos hot gevolt hoben a kam by Uncle Ben Zion
1919


 

Shira chadashah by Josef Engel
1919


 


Yingl tsingl khvat
1919


 


Cover for catalogue of the Russian Exhibition



 

Study for the poster for the Russian Exhibition

 
 

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