Art of the 20th Century


Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map


Boris Kustodiev



Boris Kustodiev


(b Astrakhan, 7 March 1878; d Leningrad [now St Petersburg], 26 May 1927).

 Russian painter and stage designer. While studying at the Astrakhan Theological School, he was impressed in 1887 by an exhibition of the Russian Realist painters, the Wanderers, and he subsequently decided to become a painter. In 1896 he enrolled at the Academy of Arts, St Petersburg, where he studied with Il’ya Repin. In 1904 he studied briefly in Paris under René Menard (1869–1930) and travelled to Spain, where he especially admired the paintings of Diego Velázquez. Like Andrey Ryabushkin before him, Kustodiyev concentrated on painting Russian provincial festivities, as in Shrovetide (1916; St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.). But in his paintings of the merchant class Kustodiyev added a new note of satire. Using the bright reds and blues of Russian folk art, he delighted in painting the merchants’ plump wives in their leisure activities. One of his most striking images is Merchant’s Wife Drinking Tea (1918; St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.), where the ample figure dominates the tea table and the surrounding area by her bulk and her self-satisfied expression. She is as round and as succulent as the fruit on the table. This work, like many others, has an oriental richness of colour that Kustodiyev saw as part of his Astrakhan heritage.





Church Parade of the Finnish Life Guard Regiment




Portrait of Maria Chalialpina


Portrait of the Artist's Wife


Portrait of Yulia Kustodieva, the Artist's Wife


Russian Venus




Reclining Nude












Renee Notgaft


Portrait of
Fiodor Shalyapin


Portrait of Fiodor Chaliapin


Portrait of Fiodor Chaliapin


Vasily Mathe


Portrait of Renee Notgaft


A Nun

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